Debentures

Debentures are instruments for raising long term debt. Debentures in India are typically secured by tangible assets. There are fully convertible, non-convertible and partly convertible debentures. Fully convertible debentures will be converted into ordinary shares of the same company under specified terms and conditions. Partly convertible debentures (PCDs) will be partly converted into ordinary shares of the same company under specified terms and conditions. Thus it has features of both debenture as well as equity. Non Convertible Debentures (NCDs) are pure debt instruments without a feature of conversion. The NCDs are repayable on maturity. Partly Convertible debentures have features of convertible and non-convertible debentures. Thus, debentures can be pure debt or quasi equity, as the case may be.