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Who decides the Price band & The number of days a bid Can remain open?

By News Canvass | Jan 15, 2022

SEBI, the bureaucratic authority in India or Stock Exchanges don’t play any business in fixing the price of a public issue. SEBI just validates the content of the IPO prospectus.

Companies and lead administrators do lots of call delving and road shows before they decide the applicable price for the IPO. Companies carry a high danger of IPO failure if they ask for advanced accolades. Because at times investors don’t like the company or the issue price and do not apply for it, redounding unsubscribe or undersubscribed issues. In this case companies either revises the issue price or suspends the IPO.

The price band and the fewest assay lot of an earliest public offer (IPO) is decided by the promoters or dealing shareholders of a company in argument with the book running lead administration (BRLMs). It’s announced in universally circulated English and Hindi civil books, at least two working days prior to the offer opening date, with the applicable dollars-and-cents proportions calculated at the bed price and cap price and are made available to the stock exchanges for uploading on their websites.

For the release of the price band and the whirl offer period, working day means all days, ruling out all Saturdays, Sundays and public vacations on which salable banks in Mumbai are open for business.

What is the number of days for which a bid should remain open during book building?

For the book structure process of premier public victim (IPO), the minimum and maximum period for which bidding should be open is 3 – 7 working days. It’s extendable by 3 days in case of a reworking in the price band. The issue can remain open for further than that period in case the company and the investment bankers consider it necessary. Most of the companies choose 3 days. Some of the factors in choosing bidding days on the smallest side are. In case companies need to extend the bidding, they can do it for 3 more days. IPO disbursements for Issuer Company are reduced by curtailing the bidding process ( i.e. bulletin cause cost, cost for spare staff etc). Shorter period for IPO also reduces cost for register, lead archon, syndicate archon, stock exchanges, PR agencies and other parties involved in the IPO process.

In case of small IPOs it reduces over-subscription, so cost of handling the operations is reduced. Short bidding time also led to an early menu of IPO shares.

Can an open outcry system be used for book building?

The answer is No. As per SEBI, only electronically linked transparent establishments are allowed to be used in case of book edifice.

Open outcry was a popular recipe for communicating trade orders in trading dints before 2010. The verbal and hand signal communication used by merchants at stock, option and futures exchanges are now rarely employed, replaced by fleetly and more accurate electronic order systems. Signals and yells made in a particular manner and sequence would convey trading information, intentions, and acceptance in the trading indentures. Open uproar was also equated with indenture trading though both electronic.

Can an Individual Investor use the book building facility to make an application?

Yes. Individual investors can apply for the book confecting complex.

Individual investors can apply for the book confecting complex. In fact, every issue has a 50 citation for capable institutional buyers (QIBs), 15 for non-institutional HNIs and a 35 allowance for retail. The difference between retail and HNI portion is the investment cut off. Individual investments up toRs. 2 lakh are classified as retail investments while investments aboveRs. 2lakh are classified as HNI portion investments.

The member has to submit a one- time undertaking in defined format to the count department. Members have to make the request in a defined format giving details of the addict ids along with the VSAT calculation.

These individualities aren’t required to be registered with SEBI as QIBs. Any individualities falling under the grades specified above are considered as QIBs for the purpose of partaking in the primary allotment process.

 All types of investors are demanded to bring in 100 of the operation Croesus as confines along with the operation for securities in Public Issues. This has been done to avoid hyperbolized demand in Public Issues and to furnish a position playing field to all investors subscribing for securities.

How does one know if shares are allotted in an IPO/offer for sale? What is the timeframe for getting a refund if Shares are not allotted?

IPO allotment status provides the detail about the number of shares allotted to the investor in an Premier public offer (IPO). IPO allotment process is carried out by the secretary of the IPO. IPO allotment date is the date when the allotment status is published to the public on the website of the secretary of the IPO. IPO allotment numbers are published by the secretary in the underpinning of the allotment document. Investors can do IPO allotment check by visiting the website of the secretary ( i.e. Linkintime, Karvy) once the allotment is done. IPO Investors are also informed about the new IPO allotment status by BSE, NSE, CDSL, and NSDL through memorandum and SMS. After an organisation launches an IPO to the general public, all tries for the shares are registered online. Either through an online process, all invalid tries that were inaccurately submitted are excluded from the total number of tries. With this, you now have the final number of successful tries for the said IPO.

 There are two cases amongst which the situation of a company may fall in,

  1. The total number of successful tries is smaller than or equal to the number of shares offered by the interest

  2. The total number of successful tries is further than the number of shares offered by the interest.


SEBI says refund of IPO employment capitalist in case of partial or non-allotment of shares in an offer should be completed in four days. Presently, Sebi allows up to 15 days to dealer bankers to complete this process. The drastic reduction in timeline is possible due to the wide use of Employment Supported by Blocked Measure (ABSA) and UPI in the IPO employment process. A Sebi circuitous also said that in case a company doesn’t get an allowance to list on the exchanges after closing the IPO employment process, plutocrats should be repaid within four days, down from seven days now.

How long does it take to get the shares listed after issue?

The total equity shares on offer by a company are divided into varied small lots and each use made by retail investors is in lots. This can be explained with the help of a specimen. For eg Company A intends to issue 1 Lakh shares in an IPO and has decided a lot size of 10 shares per lot. So, in this case,

Total No. of Lots offered = Total No. of Shares

Total No. of Shares in 1 Lot

So, in the aforesaid mentioned case, the total no. of lots is i.e. (/ 10) Whenever a retail individual investor will bid for shares in an IPO, he’ll bid in terms of no. of lots i.e. 1 lot or 2 lots or 3 lots etc. He’ll not bid in terms of no. of shares i.e. 10 shares for 20 shares or 30 shares but in terms of no. of lots i.e. he’ll bid for 1 lot or 2 lots or 3 lots.  Before May 2010, the average time taken for an issue to get listed was about 22 days. A lot can change in the secondary call in terms of direction and sentiment over such a long period.However, there’s always the chance that call conditions may change in a way that they affect the demand for the shares, If the time taken between the cease of issue and its catalog is large. In fact, call conditions can also change the earning prospects of the issuing company.

So, it’s in the general interest of the investors and the call that the time taken for the entire process is the fewest possible.

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