5 Things to Know About Asset Allocation in Mutual Funds

Nutan Gupta

17 Apr 2017

New Page 1

Asset allocation is putting your money across different asset classes - stocks, bonds, real estate, cash and commodities. Asset allocation ensures that you get the best returns out of your savings. Here are five things that an individual must know about asset allocation.

Asset allocation is not diversification

A lot of times people use the words asset allocation and diversification interchangeably. However, one needs to understand that these are two different terms. Asset allocation is the process of deciding the amount of exposure one needs to have in different asset classes. On the other hand, diversification is what you invest within these asset classes.

Asset allocation could be tactical

An investment strategy is planned to achieve long-term goals. A mutual fund invests in stocks which the fund manager believes will give higher returns in the future. Sometimes, a fund manager thinks that a particular fund will give good returns in the short-term but also has the potential to give superior returns in the long-term. Investment moves are based on what the fund manager thinks and this is known as tactical approach.

Asset allocation is not standard

Asset allocation differs based on the age and risk appetite of an investor. An individual who plans to retire next year will have a different asset allocation than a person who is a young entrepreneur. Asset allocation also differs depending upon the income stream of an individual. An individual with a fixed and regular income stream can have a more aggressive asset allocation than a person whose income is not regular.

Asset allocation could be dynamic

A dynamic asset allocation model is the one when a fund manager makes changes in the portfolio which reflects the most recent changes. These changes should be made keeping the long-term performance of the asset in mind. The riskiness of assets change with time.

Asset allocation needs periodic rebalancing

The asset allocations in our portfolio fluctuate every year depending on market fluctuations. Some assets may have performed extremely well in one year, while some may have underperformed in that period. Periodic rebalancing is required as it reduces volatility in the portfolio.

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Why to Choose Mutual Funds Instead of Directly Investing Into Equities?

Whether to invest in equities or mutual funds is a question that has plagued every investor. As someone who needs the best value for his/her investment should you invest in equity directly or via mutual funds?

Let’s start by first understanding what these two terms ‘equities’ and ‘mutual funds’ stand for-

Equities- Equities generally represent ownership of a company. If you own any equity in a company, you are a part owner of the said company (depending on how much equity you own).

Mutual Funds – It is an investment scheme which is professionally managed by an asset management company. It pools together the resources of a group of people and invests their money in equities, debentures, bonds and other securities.

Why choose mutual funds over equities?

For people who’ve never invested in either stocks or mutual funds, it is hard to know which is better and where to start. Broadly speaking, if you are a novice investor, mutual funds are not only less risky but also way easier to manage. Here are some ways in which investing in mutual funds is beneficial as opposed to investing in equities -

Diversification

Mutual funds provide more diversification as compared to an individual equity stock. When you invest in equity, you are investing in a single company which has its inherent risk. For example, if you invest Rs.20,000 in buying equities of one company, you could face a total loss if that particular company performs poorly in the market.  

If you invest the same amount in mutual funds, it will be invested in different kinds of stocks and financial instruments, high-risk and low-risk both, so you might not face total loss even if one company does poorly.

Scale of Investment and Lower Costs

For an individual investor buying and selling stocks is a difficult task due to its high price. Thus, any gains made from stock appreciation are nullified if the overall trading costs are considered. Comparatively with mutual funds, as the money is pooled from a large number of investors, the cost per individual is lowered.  

Another advantage of mutual funds is that you don’t need to invest large sums of money. Buying equities for a profitable venture needs huge amounts of money, a minimum of few lakhs. With mutual funds, you can start with Rs.1000 and earn profits on that as well.

Convenience

Keeping an eye on the markets everyday is a time-consuming business, especially if you are investing as a side gig. There are people who spend their lives studying the market and still end up sustaining heavy losses. Though investing in mutual funds does not guarantee high returns, it is stress-free and needs less work as compared to investing in equities.

To sum it up

It is important to remember that mutual funds have their own disadvantages as well. Thus, as with any financial decision, educating yourself and understanding the suitability of all the available options is the ideal way to invest. 


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5 Things to Know About Asset Allocation in Mutual Funds

Nutan Gupta

17 Apr 2017

New Page 1

Asset allocation is putting your money across different asset classes - stocks, bonds, real estate, cash and commodities. Asset allocation ensures that you get the best returns out of your savings. Here are five things that an individual must know about asset allocation.

Asset allocation is not diversification

A lot of times people use the words asset allocation and diversification interchangeably. However, one needs to understand that these are two different terms. Asset allocation is the process of deciding the amount of exposure one needs to have in different asset classes. On the other hand, diversification is what you invest within these asset classes.

Asset allocation could be tactical

An investment strategy is planned to achieve long-term goals. A mutual fund invests in stocks which the fund manager believes will give higher returns in the future. Sometimes, a fund manager thinks that a particular fund will give good returns in the short-term but also has the potential to give superior returns in the long-term. Investment moves are based on what the fund manager thinks and this is known as tactical approach.

Asset allocation is not standard

Asset allocation differs based on the age and risk appetite of an investor. An individual who plans to retire next year will have a different asset allocation than a person who is a young entrepreneur. Asset allocation also differs depending upon the income stream of an individual. An individual with a fixed and regular income stream can have a more aggressive asset allocation than a person whose income is not regular.

Asset allocation could be dynamic

A dynamic asset allocation model is the one when a fund manager makes changes in the portfolio which reflects the most recent changes. These changes should be made keeping the long-term performance of the asset in mind. The riskiness of assets change with time.

Asset allocation needs periodic rebalancing

The asset allocations in our portfolio fluctuate every year depending on market fluctuations. Some assets may have performed extremely well in one year, while some may have underperformed in that period. Periodic rebalancing is required as it reduces volatility in the portfolio.

Have Referral Code?