How Long Straddle Option Trading Strategy can be used for making profits in a volatile market?

Nilesh Jain

21 Feb 2017

A Long Straddle Options Trading is one of the simplest options trading strategy which involves a combination of buying a call and buying a put, both with the same strike price and expiration. Long Straddle option strategy can be used to make profit in a volatile market. It can generate good returns when the price of an underlying security moves significantly in either direction. It means that you don’t have to forecast the trend of the market, but you have to bet on the volatility.

When should you initiate a Long Straddle Option Trading?

If you believe that an underlying security is going to make a move because of events such as budget, monetary policy, earning announcements, etc., and also implied volatility should be at normal or at below average level, then you can buy call & put option. This strategy is known as long straddle trading.

How should you construct a Long Straddle Option Strategy?

Long straddle options strategy is implemented by buying at-the-money call option and simultaneously buying at-the-money put option of the same underlying security with the same expiry.

Strategy Buy ATM Call and Buy ATM Put
Market Outlook Significant volatility in underlying movement
Upper Breakeven Strike price of buy call + Net Premium Paid
Lower Breakeven Strike price of long put - Net Premium Paid
Risk Limited to Net premium paid
Reward Unlimited
Margin required No

Let’s try to understand this with an example:

Nifty Current spot price Buy ITM/ATM Call+ Sell OTM Call
Buy ATM Call & Put (Strike Price) Rs. 8800
Premium Paid (per share) Call Rs. 80
Premium Paid (per share) Put Rs. 90
Upper breakeven Rs. 8970
Lower breakeven Rs. 8630
Lot Size (in units) 75

Suppose, Nifty is trading at 8800. An investor, Mr. A is expecting a significant movement in the market, so he enters a long straddle by buying a FEB 8800 call strike at Rs. 80 and FEB 8800 put for Rs. 90. The net premium paid to initiate this trade is Rs. 170, which is also the maximum possible loss. Since this strategy is initiated with a view of significant movement in the underlying security, it will give the maximum loss only when there is no movement in the underlying security, which comes around Rs. 170 in the above example. The maximum profit will be unlimited if it breaks the upper and lower break-even points. Another way by which this options trading strategy can give profit is when there is an increase in implied volatility. Higher implied volatility can increase both call and put’s premium.

For the ease of understanding, we did not take into account commission charges. Following is the payoff schedule assuming different scenarios of expiry.

The Payoff Schedule:

On Expiry NIFTY closes at Net Payoff from Call Buy (Rs.) Net Payoff from Put Buy (Rs.) Net Payoff (Rs.)
8300 -80 +410 330
8400 -80 +310 230
8500 -80 +210 130
8600 -80 +110 30
8600 -80 +110 30
8630 -80 +80 0
8700 -80 10 -70
8800 -80 -90 -170
8900 20 -90 -70
8970 90 -90 0
9000 120 -90 30
9100 220 -90 130
9200 220 -90 230
9300 420 -90 230

Profit or Loss Graph for Long Straddle Options Trading

Analysis of Long Straddle Options Trading Spread Strategy

A Long Straddle Spread Strategy is best to use when you are confident that an underlying security will move significantly in a very short period of time, but you are unable to predict the direction of the movement. Downside loss is also limited to net debit paid, whereas upside reward is unlimited.

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Why to Choose Mutual Funds Instead of Directly Investing Into Equities?

Whether to invest in equities or mutual funds is a question that has plagued every investor. As someone who needs the best value for his/her investment should you invest in equity directly or via mutual funds?

Let’s start by first understanding what these two terms ‘equities’ and ‘mutual funds’ stand for-

Equities- Equities generally represent ownership of a company. If you own any equity in a company, you are a part owner of the said company (depending on how much equity you own).

Mutual Funds – It is an investment scheme which is professionally managed by an asset management company. It pools together the resources of a group of people and invests their money in equities, debentures, bonds and other securities.

Why choose mutual funds over equities?

For people who’ve never invested in either stocks or mutual funds, it is hard to know which is better and where to start. Broadly speaking, if you are a novice investor, mutual funds are not only less risky but also way easier to manage. Here are some ways in which investing in mutual funds is beneficial as opposed to investing in equities -

Diversification

Mutual funds provide more diversification as compared to an individual equity stock. When you invest in equity, you are investing in a single company which has its inherent risk. For example, if you invest Rs.20,000 in buying equities of one company, you could face a total loss if that particular company performs poorly in the market.  

If you invest the same amount in mutual funds, it will be invested in different kinds of stocks and financial instruments, high-risk and low-risk both, so you might not face total loss even if one company does poorly.

Scale of Investment and Lower Costs

For an individual investor buying and selling stocks is a difficult task due to its high price. Thus, any gains made from stock appreciation are nullified if the overall trading costs are considered. Comparatively with mutual funds, as the money is pooled from a large number of investors, the cost per individual is lowered.  

Another advantage of mutual funds is that you don’t need to invest large sums of money. Buying equities for a profitable venture needs huge amounts of money, a minimum of few lakhs. With mutual funds, you can start with Rs.1000 and earn profits on that as well.

Convenience

Keeping an eye on the markets everyday is a time-consuming business, especially if you are investing as a side gig. There are people who spend their lives studying the market and still end up sustaining heavy losses. Though investing in mutual funds does not guarantee high returns, it is stress-free and needs less work as compared to investing in equities.

To sum it up

It is important to remember that mutual funds have their own disadvantages as well. Thus, as with any financial decision, educating yourself and understanding the suitability of all the available options is the ideal way to invest. 


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How Long Straddle Option Trading Strategy can be used for making profits in a volatile market?

Nilesh Jain

21 Feb 2017

A Long Straddle Options Trading is one of the simplest options trading strategy which involves a combination of buying a call and buying a put, both with the same strike price and expiration. Long Straddle option strategy can be used to make profit in a volatile market. It can generate good returns when the price of an underlying security moves significantly in either direction. It means that you don’t have to forecast the trend of the market, but you have to bet on the volatility.

When should you initiate a Long Straddle Option Trading?

If you believe that an underlying security is going to make a move because of events such as budget, monetary policy, earning announcements, etc., and also implied volatility should be at normal or at below average level, then you can buy call & put option. This strategy is known as long straddle trading.

How should you construct a Long Straddle Option Strategy?

Long straddle options strategy is implemented by buying at-the-money call option and simultaneously buying at-the-money put option of the same underlying security with the same expiry.

Strategy Buy ATM Call and Buy ATM Put
Market Outlook Significant volatility in underlying movement
Upper Breakeven Strike price of buy call + Net Premium Paid
Lower Breakeven Strike price of long put - Net Premium Paid
Risk Limited to Net premium paid
Reward Unlimited
Margin required No

Let’s try to understand this with an example:

Nifty Current spot price Buy ITM/ATM Call+ Sell OTM Call
Buy ATM Call & Put (Strike Price) Rs. 8800
Premium Paid (per share) Call Rs. 80
Premium Paid (per share) Put Rs. 90
Upper breakeven Rs. 8970
Lower breakeven Rs. 8630
Lot Size (in units) 75

Suppose, Nifty is trading at 8800. An investor, Mr. A is expecting a significant movement in the market, so he enters a long straddle by buying a FEB 8800 call strike at Rs. 80 and FEB 8800 put for Rs. 90. The net premium paid to initiate this trade is Rs. 170, which is also the maximum possible loss. Since this strategy is initiated with a view of significant movement in the underlying security, it will give the maximum loss only when there is no movement in the underlying security, which comes around Rs. 170 in the above example. The maximum profit will be unlimited if it breaks the upper and lower break-even points. Another way by which this options trading strategy can give profit is when there is an increase in implied volatility. Higher implied volatility can increase both call and put’s premium.

For the ease of understanding, we did not take into account commission charges. Following is the payoff schedule assuming different scenarios of expiry.

The Payoff Schedule:

On Expiry NIFTY closes at Net Payoff from Call Buy (Rs.) Net Payoff from Put Buy (Rs.) Net Payoff (Rs.)
8300 -80 +410 330
8400 -80 +310 230
8500 -80 +210 130
8600 -80 +110 30
8600 -80 +110 30
8630 -80 +80 0
8700 -80 10 -70
8800 -80 -90 -170
8900 20 -90 -70
8970 90 -90 0
9000 120 -90 30
9100 220 -90 130
9200 220 -90 230
9300 420 -90 230

Profit or Loss Graph for Long Straddle Options Trading

Analysis of Long Straddle Options Trading Spread Strategy

A Long Straddle Spread Strategy is best to use when you are confident that an underlying security will move significantly in a very short period of time, but you are unable to predict the direction of the movement. Downside loss is also limited to net debit paid, whereas upside reward is unlimited.

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