What Are Mutual Funds And How Does Mutual Fund Work?

Prasanth Menon

21 Apr 2017

New Page 1

Mutual fund is a mechanism for pooling the resources by issuing units to the investors and investing funds in securities in accordance with objectives as disclosed in offer document. A professional Fund Manager manages the pool of money under a Mutual Fund.

A Fund Manager who manages a particular mutual fund invests in securities which are spread across a gamut of cross-section of industries and sectors. This diversification reduces overall risk for an individual investor who opts for a mutual fund. The risk reduces as all stocks might not move in the same direction at a particular time in same proportion.

Investors are allotted units in a Mutual fund with regards to the quantum of money invested by them. Mutual fund investors are also known as unit holders. In this scheme of dealings, investors in proportion to their investments share the profits or losses.

The mutual funds normally come out with a number of schemes with different investment objectives which are launched from time to time. A mutual fund is required to be registered with Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI), which regulates securities markets before it can collect funds from the public.

Understanding NAV

Net Asset Value (NAV) signifies the performance of a particular scheme of a mutual fund. In generic terms, NAV is the market value of the securities held by the scheme. One has to remember that, market value of securities changes every day, thus NAV of a scheme also varies on a day-to-day basis.

The NAV per unit is the market value of securities of a scheme divided by the total number of units of the scheme on any particular date. For example, if the market value of securities of a mutual fund scheme is Rs 200 lakh and the mutual fund has issued 10 lakh units of Rs 10 each to the investors, then the NAV per unit of the fund is Rs 20. NAV is required to be disclosed by the mutual funds on a regular basis - daily or weekly - depending on the type of scheme.

Mutual Fund schemes

Mutual Fund schemes can be categorised into open-ended scheme or close-ended scheme depending on its maturity period.

Different types of mutual funds

Have Referral Code?

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Why to Choose Mutual Funds Instead of Directly Investing Into Equities?

Whether to invest in equities or mutual funds is a question that has plagued every investor. As someone who needs the best value for his/her investment should you invest in equity directly or via mutual funds?

Let’s start by first understanding what these two terms ‘equities’ and ‘mutual funds’ stand for-

Equities- Equities generally represent ownership of a company. If you own any equity in a company, you are a part owner of the said company (depending on how much equity you own).

Mutual Funds – It is an investment scheme which is professionally managed by an asset management company. It pools together the resources of a group of people and invests their money in equities, debentures, bonds and other securities.

Why choose mutual funds over equities?

For people who’ve never invested in either stocks or mutual funds, it is hard to know which is better and where to start. Broadly speaking, if you are a novice investor, mutual funds are not only less risky but also way easier to manage. Here are some ways in which investing in mutual funds is beneficial as opposed to investing in equities -

Diversification

Mutual funds provide more diversification as compared to an individual equity stock. When you invest in equity, you are investing in a single company which has its inherent risk. For example, if you invest Rs.20,000 in buying equities of one company, you could face a total loss if that particular company performs poorly in the market.  

If you invest the same amount in mutual funds, it will be invested in different kinds of stocks and financial instruments, high-risk and low-risk both, so you might not face total loss even if one company does poorly.

Scale of Investment and Lower Costs

For an individual investor buying and selling stocks is a difficult task due to its high price. Thus, any gains made from stock appreciation are nullified if the overall trading costs are considered. Comparatively with mutual funds, as the money is pooled from a large number of investors, the cost per individual is lowered.  

Another advantage of mutual funds is that you don’t need to invest large sums of money. Buying equities for a profitable venture needs huge amounts of money, a minimum of few lakhs. With mutual funds, you can start with Rs.1000 and earn profits on that as well.

Convenience

Keeping an eye on the markets everyday is a time-consuming business, especially if you are investing as a side gig. There are people who spend their lives studying the market and still end up sustaining heavy losses. Though investing in mutual funds does not guarantee high returns, it is stress-free and needs less work as compared to investing in equities.

To sum it up

It is important to remember that mutual funds have their own disadvantages as well. Thus, as with any financial decision, educating yourself and understanding the suitability of all the available options is the ideal way to invest. 


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What Are Mutual Funds And How Does Mutual Fund Work?

Prasanth Menon

21 Apr 2017

New Page 1

Mutual fund is a mechanism for pooling the resources by issuing units to the investors and investing funds in securities in accordance with objectives as disclosed in offer document. A professional Fund Manager manages the pool of money under a Mutual Fund.

A Fund Manager who manages a particular mutual fund invests in securities which are spread across a gamut of cross-section of industries and sectors. This diversification reduces overall risk for an individual investor who opts for a mutual fund. The risk reduces as all stocks might not move in the same direction at a particular time in same proportion.

Investors are allotted units in a Mutual fund with regards to the quantum of money invested by them. Mutual fund investors are also known as unit holders. In this scheme of dealings, investors in proportion to their investments share the profits or losses.

The mutual funds normally come out with a number of schemes with different investment objectives which are launched from time to time. A mutual fund is required to be registered with Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI), which regulates securities markets before it can collect funds from the public.

Understanding NAV

Net Asset Value (NAV) signifies the performance of a particular scheme of a mutual fund. In generic terms, NAV is the market value of the securities held by the scheme. One has to remember that, market value of securities changes every day, thus NAV of a scheme also varies on a day-to-day basis.

The NAV per unit is the market value of securities of a scheme divided by the total number of units of the scheme on any particular date. For example, if the market value of securities of a mutual fund scheme is Rs 200 lakh and the mutual fund has issued 10 lakh units of Rs 10 each to the investors, then the NAV per unit of the fund is Rs 20. NAV is required to be disclosed by the mutual funds on a regular basis - daily or weekly - depending on the type of scheme.

Mutual Fund schemes

Mutual Fund schemes can be categorised into open-ended scheme or close-ended scheme depending on its maturity period.

Different types of mutual funds

Have Referral Code?