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Candlestick Reversal Pattern

By News Canvass | Dec 10, 2022

A reverse candlestick pattern is used to indicate that the market’s short-term direction during the following few periods is changing. A continuation candlestick pattern, on the other hand, indicates that the trend is likely to continue in the same direction. Technical analysts interpret reversal patterns as “messages” that indicate momentum has run its course and is now traveling in the opposite direction. The two primary reversal pattern kinds are as follows. First up is a reversal of a well-known charting pattern, such as a double bottom or Head and Shoulders top. On a candlestick chart, the second pattern is a Japanese candlestick reversal pattern, which is typically composed of two to three candles.

What is the Candlestick reversal pattern?

  • An indication that the market’s short-term direction for the upcoming few periods is changing is a reversal candlestick pattern. On the other side, a continuation candlestick pattern suggests that the trend will probably continue in the same direction.
  • Reversal patterns are seen by technical analysts as “messages” that signal momentum has peaked and is moving in the other direction.
  • Trades in price action frequently use straightforward charts. Many people confuse trading by filling their charts with too many technical indicators (and generally over-analyzing a market).
  • When trading using a straightforward price action-only price chart, price action trading is also frequently referred to as “clean chart trading,” “naked trading,” “raw or natural trading.”

Hammer pattern

  • The pin bar is also known as the hammer pattern in Japanese candlestick terminology when it appears during a bearish trend, indicating a potential bullish market reversal, and as the “shooting star” pattern during an uptrend, indicating a potential downside reversal. The elongated tail is the main component of the pin bar. Bears actively drove the price down during the time period, forming the long tail, but the fact that the closing price is back up close to the opening price shows that the attempt to drive the price lower was eventually fiercely rejected. After the price initially declines, it makes a greater move to the upside, returning to a level that is close to or even above the opening price.
  • The bullish pattern is known as the “Hammer” if it appears at the bottom of a downward rise.
  • The “Hanging man” pattern is a bearish pattern that develops at the peak of an upswing surge.
  • A candle must have a lower shadow that is at least twice as long as the actual body to be considered a pattern.
  • The “shadow to real body ratio” refers to this.
  • Price typically stays above the low of the pin bar candlestick when the hammer pattern accurately predicts a trend reversal. Consequently, the standard approach is as follows:
  • Entry: At market open, following the closing of the hammer candlestick.
  • Stop loss: Below the hammer candlestick’s low.

Shooting star pattern

  • The shooting star is a particularly well-liked candlestick pattern to trade because of the strong price action it exhibits.
  • The shooting star resembles the Hammer in reverse exactly.
  • A shooting star has a lengthy top shadow that is at least twice as long as the actual body.
  • It doesn’t matter what color the body is, although if the real body is red, the pattern is a little bit more trustworthy.
  • The pattern is more bearish the longer the upper wick.
  • A similarity between the hammer and the shooting star is their diminutive true bodies.
  • Although a slight lower shadow, like the one shown in the chart, is OK, the shooting star shouldn’t have one.
  • The preceding trend should have been positive because the shooting star is a bearish pattern. The hammer pattern is just the shooting star pattern inverted upside down, and it signals a likely market reversal to the negative. Instead of being on the bottom side of the body, as with the hammer pattern, the candlestick’s long tail is on the topside, signifying an unsuccessful attempt to drive price higher.

Inverted hammer pattern

  • A particular sort of chart pattern known as an inverted hammer candlestick frequently appears near the end of a downturn when pressure from buyers drives up the price of an asset.
  • A long upper shadow that is more than twice as long as its actual body, and a very short below shadow. The extended upper wick, which denotes a bullish reversal pattern, shows that bullish market participants are attempting to raise the price of a security.

Hanging man pattern

  • A Hanging man pattern is one that shows up at the peak of a trend.
  • A single candlestick plus a top reversal pattern make up a bearish hanging man.
  • Market highs are shown by a hanging guy. Only when an uptrend precedes the hanging guy is it considered a hanging man.
  • The bearish hanging man pattern indicates selling pressure because it appears after a high.

Bullish engulfing pattern

  • Price typically stays above the trough of the second bullish candlestick when the bullish engulfing pattern accurately predicts a trend reversal. Consequently, the standard approach is as follows:
  • Entry: At market open, following the closure of the second engulfing candlestick.
  • Stop loss: Below the second engulfing candlestick’s low.
  • Make Money: Risk to reward is 2:1.
  • The bottom of the downtrend is where the bullish engulfing pattern, which consists of two candlestick patterns, first appears.
  • This pattern, which is bullish as its name implies, encourages the trader to go long.

Bearish engulfing pattern

  • A bearish engulfing candlestick suggests that an uptrend may be coming to an end. It occurs when a bearish down candle (often red or black) totally engulfs the prior up candlestick (normally green or white). The bearish engulfing pattern is a pair of candles that forms at the top of the trend; as such, it is bearish.
  • Even if one must consider it from a shorting standpoint, the mental process is still quite similar to that of the bullish engulfing pattern.

Dark cloud cover pattern

  • With a small exception, the bearish engulfing pattern and the heavy cloud cover are remarkably similar.
  • The red candle on P2 completely engulfs the blue candle on P1 in a bearish engulfing pattern.
  • However, when there is a thick cloud cover, the red candle on P2 consumes between 50% and 100% of the blue candle on P1.
  • The bearish engulfing pattern’s trade setup is exactly the same.

Doji pattern

  • When a candlestick’s opening and closing prices are the same, a doji candlestick is created, which essentially lacks a body and just has upside and downside tails that extend on either side of the opening/closing price. The only difference between the Doji and spinning tops is that the latter don’t even have a genuine body.
  • Closed = Open
  • The length of the upper and lower wicks (shadows) is flexible. However, even with a thin body, the candle can still be seen as a doji by applying the second criteria, which is to “be flexible, check, and quantify.”
  • In the case of an actual body that is wafer thin, the color of the candle is irrelevant.
  • The spinning top’s ramifications are the same as those of the Dojis.


  • Key technical signs indicating a potential trend change, from an uptrend to a downtrend or vice versa, can be found in candlestick reversal patterns. When such reversal patterns appear, traders search for confirmation of a market reversal using additional technical indicators, such as moving averages, pivot points, and volume. Risk-taker – A risk-taker enters a trade on the final day of a pattern development centered on the closing price (3:20 PM).
  • The trader should verify the pattern rules, and if they are verified, the opportunity meets the requirements for a trade.
  • Risk-averse: The trade will be started by the risk-averse trader once he has found a confirmation the following day.
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