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Chart Patterns In Technical Analysis

By News Canvass | Jun 06, 2023

Introduction to chart patterns

  • Technical analysis is built on patterns, which are the recognizable structures made by the fluctuations of asset prices on a chart. A line linking frequent price points, such as closing prices, highs, or lows throughout a certain time period, identifies a pattern.
  • Technical analysts and chartists look for patterns to predict the price movement of a security in the future.These patterns range in complexity from double head-and-shoulders formations to trendlines, which are both basic and complicated.
  • Stock chart patterns are the graphical representations of technical security charts that are crucial for stock market research. The analysis of the data presented on the charts is based on historical trends and patterns, which are predicted to replicate themselves throughout time.
  • The buying and selling of stocks that take place in the markets every day are the patterns that are used to create chart patterns. These patterns may be used to forecast the future and determine the direction of the stock market.

Types of chart patterns in technical analysis

  • The answer to the topic of how many chart patterns there are might be debatable since different traders may have different interpretations of the charting systems’ and methods’ established principles.
  • There are hundreds of chart patterns, according to Steve Nison, author of the trading book Japanese Candlestick Charting Techniques. Though traders frequently utilize fewer chart patterns than that, there are around 40 stock patterns that are more well known and used. These patterns can be both basic and complicated. Additionally, some investors utilize a limited number of stock chart patterns while others use several, and each trader discovers which patterns perform best with their trading technique.
  • In general, the longer a pattern develops and the greater the price movement inside it, the more substantial the forecasted move after the price breaks out is for both continuation and reversal patterns.
  • It is impossible to predict whether a trend will continue or reverse while a pricing pattern is developing. As a result, traders must closely monitor trendlines (used to create the price pattern) and the direction in which the price will ultimately break. However, unless it is shown that a price trend has reversed, traders would be best to assume it will continue in the same direction.
  • The chart patterns are categorized below according to whether they normally signal a continuation or reversal, however many can signal either depending on the situation.

Reversal chart patterns

  • Reversal patterns indicate a shift in the dominant trend. This is indicated by a halt in the current trend and a subsequent movement in the opposite direction when new energy emerges from the opposing side.
  • For instance, a downtrend that is being actively supported by sellers may halt, showing pressure from both bulls and bears, before finally ceding ground to the bulls and changing the trend to the upside.
  • Reversals at market peaks are patterns of distribution when the asset is sold more vehemently than it is acquired. Reversals at market bottoms, on the other hand, are accumulation patterns, when the security is fiercely acquired rather than sold.
  • A number of reversal patterns are used by technical analysts to indicate that the price trend will shift. Reversal patterns that are typical include:
  • Wedges, head-and-shoulders, double or triple tops and bottoms, gaps, and rounded tops or bottoms are examples of these.

Continuation chart patterns

  • The fact that continuation patterns appear in the middle of an established trend suggests that even after the pattern closes, price movement will probably move forward in the same direction. But not every continuation pattern will result in the trend continuing; several will also lead to reversals.
  • When the price exits a continuation zone, many traders seek for greater volume because low volume on a breakout often indicates the pattern is likely to fail. To indicate that the price trend will continue, technical analysts utilize a variety of continuation patterns. regular continuation patterns, such as: Pennants, flags, triangles, rectangles, a cup with a handle, etc.

Double top and double bottom pattern


  • A double top forms when the price achieves a high two times in a row with a slight decrease in between. It is a bearish reversal pattern that looks like the letter M. A medium- or long-term trend change is indicated when the price breaks through the support level, which is the low between the two preceding highs.
  • A double bottom, a bullish reversal pattern that resembles the letter W and forms when two successive lows fail to break through the support level, is the reverse of a double top. After twice attempting to pierce through the support line without success, the market price begins to move upward.
  • A double bottom, a bullish reversal pattern that resembles the letter W and forms when two successive lows fail to break through the support level, is the reverse of a double top. After twice attempting to pierce through the support line without success, the market price begins to move upward.
  • Triple tops and bottoms, which each consist of three peaks (bearish reversal pattern) or bottoms (bullish reversal pattern), are reversal chart patterns that behave similarly to double tops and bottoms.

Head and shoulder pattern

  • A huge peak (the head) and two smaller peaks on either side (the shoulders) make up the three parts of the reversal chart pattern known as the head and shoulders. A neckline is the line that creates a region of support or resistance by joining the first and second lows (top pattern) or highs (bottom/inverse pattern).
  • In an uptrend, a head and shoulders top pattern denotes a change in trend from bullish to bearish. In contrast, an inverted head and shoulders pattern (in a downtrend) signals an upward trend reversal.

Triangles and wedges

  • The continuance of a bullish trend is indicated by an ascending triangle. A horizontal swing line across the resistance level and an upward-moving swing line or support line at the bottom can be used to draw it.
  • When the resistance line slopes downhill toward the horizontal support line, however, a downward triangle results. When a descending triangle eventually penetrates the support line, traders may decide to take a short position.
  • Two trendlines that are converging and moving in the same direction—up or down—are used to create wedges. Wedges can show the continuation of a trend as well as its reversal. A rising wedge depicts a brief break during a downmarket, whereas a falling wedge depicts a halt during an upswing.
  • Trading volume often declines during pattern creation, much as pennants and flags, before increasing after the price breaks above or below the wedge pattern.

Flags and pennants

  • Two lines converge at a predetermined location to form compact triangular designs called pennants or flags. It can develop following a sharp upswing or decline, suggesting that traders may have stopped to consolidate before the trend continued. Despite having a similar appearance, wedges and pennants are not the same. Pennants are wider than wedges, which are used as trend reversal signs. Pennants are always horizontal, whereas wedges typically have upward or downward patterns.
  • Some dealers distinguish between flag patterns and pennants. Before the breakout, both the support and resistance lines in a flag pattern run parallel, frequently in the opposite direction of the current trendline. Flag shapes, as opposed to pennants, show a change in trend.

Cup and handle patterns

  • The cup and handle pattern resembles the rounded bottom pretty closely, with the exception of a brief downturn that resembles the cup’s handle that forms after the rounded bottom is complete. The brief bearish phase represents a cup handle-like period of retracement. Thus the name.
  • With the exception of the brief negative phase, after which the market rises again, the cup and handle is a bullish reversal pattern.

Gap and island reversals

  • Gaps are reversal chart patterns that often appear when an event or news article attracts a flood of buyers or sellers into an asset, causing the price to start noticeably higher or lower than the previous day’s closing price. Gaps come in four varieties: runaway, breakaway, and tiredness. Gaps can signal the start of a new trend or the conclusion of a previous trend depending on their kind.
  • A rounding bottom is a pattern on a chart where price changes form the letter U and often imply an upbeat bullish trend. In contrast, a rounding top is a chart pattern that denotes a bearish downward trend and is represented by price movements on a graph that resemble an upside-down U.

Pattern confirmation and trading strategies

  • Three peaks in a head-and-shoulders pattern can be seen, with the second peak being higher than the other two, causing all three to fall within the support line. A ‘M’ shape with a bearish trend may be used to analyze a double top pattern, whereas a ‘W’ shape with a bullish trend indicates a double bottom pattern.
  • A breakout movement is created by an ascending triangle, while a breakdown movement is created by a descending triangle.  The rising wedge is in the upward trend (bullish), while the falling wedge is in the downward trend (bearish). Wedges are indicated by two lines of support and resistance.
  • A symmetrical triangle can be bullish or bearish and creates peaks and valleys.  Inverted cup and handle patterns present a negative opportunity whereas cup and handle patterns present a bullish chance.
  • A pennant or flag might have a consolidation period in between its bearish and bullish sides.  While a rounding bottom is formed like a “U,” a rounding top is “inverted U” shaped.


  • The possibility of a false breakout is the main drawback of trading chart patterns. This occurs when the price leaves the pattern but instantly enters it again or travels to the opposite side. Unfortunately, it might happen more than once until the pattern breaks out and a continuation or reversal takes place.
  • Additionally, patterns might be perceived differently by different traders, thus they might not always seem the same way when they are really observed or drawn. As a result, while it can provide traders a distinctive perspective on the market, it will also take more effort to improve their abilities to identify patterns, draw them, and build a plan for employing them.
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