Public corporations are required to submit an annual report to shareholders that details their business operations and financial standing.
The report’s front section frequently includes an incredible collection of illustrations, images, and a narrative that describes the company’s operations over the previous year and infrequently includes projections for the longer term. Detailed financial and operational information is included within the report’s rear section.
Following the 1929 securities market crash, when politicians enforced standardized corporate financial reporting, annual reports became a regulatory necessity for publicly traded corporations. The obligatory annual report’s purpose is to create a company’s operations and financial actions from the previous year publicly available. Shareholders and other interested parties often get the report, which they use to assess the company’s financial performance and make investment decisions.
The following are some elements of an annual report
- corporate information generally
- Summary of the operations and finances
- CEO’s letter to the shareholders
- Text, images, and visuals that tell stories
- Discussion and analysis by management (MD&A)
- financial statements, like the income statement, operating statement, and record
- Financial statements’ notes
- Accountant’s report
- Financial facts in summary
- Financial procedures