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The cost of capital is the minimum return a business must achieve to be able to justify investing in a capital budgeting project, like constructing a new factory.

Analysts and investors refer to cost of capital, but it is always an assessment of whether the costs associated with a planned choice can be justified. A comparison of an investment’s prospective return to its cost and hazards is another way that investors may use the phrase.

From the viewpoint of an investor, the cost of capital is an evaluation of the potential return on the purchase of stock shares or any other investment. This is an estimate, so best- and worst-case scenarios may be included. To assess if a stock’s price is reasonable given its potential return, an investor may consider the volatility (beta) of a company’s financial results.

To finance corporate growth, many businesses combine debt and equity. For such businesses, the weighted average cost of all capital sources is used to calculate the overall cost of capital.

The weighted average cost of capital is this (WACC). The idea of the cost of capital is crucial data needed to calculate the hurdle rate for a project. When starting a large project, a business must determine how much revenue will be needed to cover the project’s costs and sustain future profitability for the business.

The weighted average cost of capital formula, which considers the cost of both debt and equity capital, is commonly used to determine a firm’s cost of capital.

The formula considers every type of debt and equity on the balance sheet of the company, including common and preferred stock, bonds, and other types of debt.

Each category of the company’s capital is weighted equally to arrive at a blended rate.

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