Finschool By 5paisa


What is the Equity Market?

By News Canvass | Nov 10, 2022

The equity market could be a place where traders can buy and sell equities. The stock exchanges are where buyers and sellers of equities meet. Investing in public stocks or private stocks both is a voluntary option for investors. Unlike private stocks, which are exchanged privately, public stocks are traded on exchanges.

When an organization is founded, it’s initially private before launching its initial public offering (IPO). Companies are born as private enterprises, and after a period of your time, they undergo an initial public offering (IPO), which could be a procedure that transforms them into publicly listed companies.

Private stocks work a touch differently because they’re only available to employees and a pick group of investors. The IPO allows public investors to take a position in an exceedingly private company. Private firm stocks, on the opposite hand, are only available to a particular group of investors, like employees or specific traders. Companies list on stock exchanges to lift funds from public investors and use it for expansion or growth. The New York stock market, Nasdaq, Tokyo stock market, Shanghai stock market, and Euronext Europe are a few of the world’s largest equity markets, or stock markets.

There are two divisions of equity market:

  • The primary market: When a company wishes to create its shares accessible for trade to the general public, it must launch an initial public offering (IPO). A primary market could be a market where investment banks enable the issuance of latest securities on an exchange through underwriting groups. When a firm goes public, it sells a little of its stock to the general public. After the IPO, the corporation is listed on India’s key exchanges, primarily the NSE and BSE.
  • The secondary market: The secondary market is where the IPO shares are exchanged after they need to be listed on the exchanges. Investors who ignored the initial public offering (IPO) should purchase shares on the secondary market. The secondary market allows even the initial investors to sell their interests. In India, investors frequently use brokers to exchange the stock exchange. Brokerage firms function as a link between the stock exchanges and also the public.

How do Equity Markets work?

  • The equity market connects the buyers and sellers who have same interests and price expectations. Companies get an opportunity to raise money through the equity market and grow their business. Investors on the other hand get stake in the companies in which they invest.
  • After few years the company realises its true potential and value. When companies enter the global market , it goes through IPO process to get listed on stock exchanges. After that budgets are decided for buyers and sellers to connect.
  • This buying and selling is carried out through Equity Market which is a centralised platform. The most popular equity markets in India are BSE-Bombay Stock Exchange and NSE-National Stock Exchange.


  • An equity market may be a market where companies’ shares are issued and traded, either on exchanges or over the counter. The exchange, often called the stock market, is one of the most important aspects of an economy. It provides firms with funding to expand their operations, further as investors with a stake within the company and also the opportunity to cash in on their investment supported the company’s future performance.
  • Equities are traded on the National securities market, the Bombay stock market, and also the Metropolitan securities market in India. Companies are listed on these exchanges, and investors can purchase or sell shares of these companies. The spot/cash market and therefore the commodities exchange are the 2 varieties of equities trading in India. Stocks are accessible for quick delivery on the general public financial market in spot/cash equity trading. The equities within the future market, on the opposite hand, are traded at a later date.
  • The stock exchange works in a very similar way to a house auction, when buyers and sellers compete for the most effective price. Investors should purchase these shares through an initial public offering (IPO) on the first or secondary markets. Stock exchanges and other financial institutions regulate and maintain the stock exchange.
  • The stock exchange isn’t open 24 hours daily. Currently on weekdays only, investors are permitted to trade from 9:15 a.m. until 3:30 p.m. Unless there are exceptional circumstances, we cannot trade on Saturday or Sunday.
View All