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Certificate Of Deposit In India

By News Canvass | Jun 17, 2022

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  • A Certificate of Deposit, or CD, is a form of a dematerialized fixed-income financial instrument administered by the depository financial institution of India, during which the withdrawal is guaranteed from the beginning.
  • In 1989, India launched Certificates of Deposit (CDs) to expand the country’s market instrument options and supply investors more freedom in how they use their short-term cash. From time to time, the banking concern of India (RBI) sets guidelines regarding Certificates of Deposit.
  • Any All-India financial organization or Scheduled banking concern can issue a CD. they’re offered at face value with a reduction. Banks and financial organizations should only issue dematerialized Certificates of Deposit as per the Depositories Act of 1996, investors can even request a certificate in tangible form. If an investor requests a certificate in physical form, a bank notifies the bank of India’s Financial Markets Department in Mumbai.
  • A Certificate of Deposit also comes with revenue enhancement fees. Because Certificates of Deposit are physically transferable, banks should guarantee that they’re printed on high-quality paper. Two or more signatories are required to sign a Certificate of Deposit. For any scheduled banking concern, CDs are often high-risk liabilities.
  • A single issuer can only issue a certificate of deposit for a minimum of Rs.1 lakh and in multiples of Rs.1 lakh. The investor determines the maturity of a certificate of deposit. as an example, a certificate of deposit issued by a bank must have a maturity time of a minimum of 7 days and less than one year, whereas a certificate of deposit issued by an establishment must have a maturity period of a minimum of one year and no more than three years.
  • A deposit certificate that’s not in electronic form is transferred by endorsement and delivery. A certificate of deposit held in de-mat form, on the opposite hand, is transferred pursuant to de-mat securities’ standards.
  • A discount on the face value of a certificate of deposit is feasible. Furthermore, banks and financial institutions can issue floating-rate certificates of deposits. The technique of computing the floating rate, on the opposite hand, should be market-based.

What is a Certificate of Deposit?

Certificate of Deposit is a financial instrument offered by banks and financial institutions that allows individuals to deposit a particular amount of money for a fixed period, known as the term. In return, the bank pays a fixed interest rate on the deposited amount, generally higher than regular savings accounts. CDs are considered low-risk investments as they are insured by the Deposit Insurance and Credit Guarantee Corporation in India for up to Rs. 5 lakhs per account holder per bank.

Content Defining What a Certificate of Deposit is

Certificate of Deposit is a time deposit that locks in your money for a period, typically ranging from a few months to years. During this period, you cannot withdraw the funds without incurring penalties, making it an ideal choice for individuals looking for long-term savings. The longer the term of the CD, higher the interest rate the bank offers.

Attributes of Certificate of Deposit

  • Fixed Interest Rate:One of the main attributes of a Certificate of Deposit is its fixed interest rate. Unlike other investment options where the interest rate may fluctuate, a CD provides a guaranteed rate for the entire investment duration.
  • Term Options:Banks offer a range of term options for CDs, allowing individuals to choose the duration that best suits their financial goals. Whether you prefer short-term investments or want to lock in your money for a more extended period, there’s a CD term available for you.
  • Safety and Security:CDs are considered safe investments as the DICGC ensures them. This means that even if the bank faced financial difficulties, your deposit of up to Rs. 5 lahks would be protected.
  • No Market Risks:Unlike investments in stocks or mutual funds, a Certificate of Deposit does not expose you to market risks. The interest rate is predetermined, and you are assured of the returns at the end of the term.
  • Flexible Interest Payment Options:Some banks offer the flexibility to choose between receiving the interest on a monthly, quarterly, or annual basis. This can benefit individuals who require a regular income stream from their investments.

How to Buy a Certificate of Deposit

Buying a Certificate of Deposit is a straightforward process. Here’s a guide to get started:

  • Research and compare: Different Research banks and financial institutions offering Certificates of Deposits. Compare each bank’s interest rates, terms, and additional features to find the best option.
  • Contact the Bank: Once you’ve decided on a bank, contact their customer service, or visit the nearest branch to inquire about their CD offerings. Ask for detailed information about the terms, interest rates, and applicable fees or penalties.
  • Apply: The bank will provide an application form for opening a Certificate of Deposit. Fill out the form accurately, providing all the required information.
  • Deposit the Funds: Transfer the desired amount from your savings or current account to the newly opened Certificate of Deposit account. The minimum deposit amount varies from bank to bank.
  • Receive Confirmation and Documents: The bank will provide a confirmation receipt and the Certificate of Deposit document after depositing the funds. Keep these safe for future reference.

Benefits of a Certificate of Deposit

Investing in a Certificate of Deposit offers several benefits, making it an attractive option for savers. Here are some advantages of choosing a CD:

  • Guaranteed Returns: A CD provides guaranteed returns, unlike other investment options where the returns are subject to market fluctuations. You know precisely how much interest you will earn at the end of the term.
  • Higher Interest Rates: The interest rates offered on CDs are typically higher than regular savings accounts. This can help you get maximum earnings and grow your savings faster.
  • Diversification: A Certificate of Deposit can be a valuable addition to your investment portfolio, providing diversification. By allocating a fraction of your savings to CDs, you reduce the overall risk of your investment portfolio.
  • Secure Investment: CDs are considered safe investments due to their insurance coverage. This provides peace of mind, especially for risk-averse individuals.
  • Fixed Terms: The revised terms of a Certificate of Deposit can help you plan your finances more effectively. You can know when the funds will be available, making aligning with your future financial goals more manageable.

Comparison of FD rates of different banks


General Public

Senior Citizen

State Bank of India

3.00% – 6.50%

3.50% – 7.00%


3.00% – 7.00%

3.50% – 7.50%


4.75% – 6.90%

5.25% – 7.40%

Axis Bank

5.75% – 7.00%

6.25% – 7.50%

Kotak Mahindra Bank

6.00% – 7.50%

6.50% – 8.00%

IDFC First Bank

6.25% – 7.75%

6.75% – 8.25%

IndusInd Bank

6.50% – 7.90%

7.00% – 8.40%

Yes Bank

6.75% – 8.15%

7.25% – 8.65%

RBL Bank

7.00% – 8.40%

7.50% – 8.90%

Bandhan Bank

7.25% – 8.65%

7.75% – 9.15%


2.70% – 4.80%

3.20% – 5.30%


In an Indian context, a Certificate of Deposit serves as a secure and attractive investment option for individuals looking to grow their savings. CDs provide a stable avenue for long-term investments with guaranteed returns, higher interest rates, and insurance coverage safety. By comparing the FD rates of different banks, you can get to an informed decision and choose the best CD that aligns with your financial goals. So, consider adding a Certificate of Deposit to your investment portfolio and watch your savings grow steadily.

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