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Types of Chart in Stock Market

By News Canvass | May 31, 2023

Types of Chart in Stock Market


  • We need a charting approach that shows this information in the most understandable way after realizing that the Open (O), high (H), low (L), and close (C) serves as the best way to describe the trading action for the given time. Charts can get fairly complex if a decent charting approach is not used.
  • The OHLC, or four data points, are available for each trade day. A 10-day chart requires 40 data points to be shown (1 day multiplied by 4 data points each day). So you can see how difficult it would be to show a year’s worth of data.
  • As you might have anticipated, technical analysis does not function with the typical charts we are used to seeing, such as column charts, pie charts, area charts, etc. The line chart is the lone exception to this rule.
  • The primary reason the conventional charts don’t work is that they only show one data point at a time. But for technical analysis, four data points must be shown simultaneously.

Here are Few Types of Chart in Stock Market

Bar Chart

Line Chart

Candlestick in Japanese

The Japanese Candlesticks will be the main topic of this lesson, but before we get there, we’ll learn why we don’t utilize line and bar charts.

What is a Chart and Its Construction?

  • You must be able to read stock charts if you plan to actively trade equities as an investor on the stock market. Even investors who choose their stocks largely on fundamental research nevertheless frequently utilize technical analysis of stock price movement to pinpoint precise buy, or entry, and sell, or exit, points.
  • Stock charts are always made available to clients by stock brokerages and are openly accessible on websites like Google Finance and Yahoo Finance. In conclusion, it shouldn’t be difficult for you to locate stock charts to study.

Different time frame charts and their validity:

  • Bar charts, candlestick charts, line charts, and point and figure charts are just examples of the several types of stock charts that may be constructed. The ability to move between several chart styles and to overlay different technical indicators on a chart is offered by almost all stock charts.
  • The time period that a chart displays can also be changed. Although intraday, weekly, monthly, year-to-date (YTD), 5-year, 10-year, and a full historical lifespan of a stock are also available, daily charts are perhaps the most popular.
  • varied chart generation techniques and varied time spans for examination each have proportional benefits and drawbacks.
  • You can only learn which approach and time frame will work best for you as a particular analyst or investor by actually performing stock chart analysis. Any stock chart can provide helpful cues about potential changes in stock price. The chart type you select should make it simple for you to read, understand, and trade profitably.

Three important types of charts, commonly used by chartists

  • For traders to use in chart analysis, there is practically an infinite array of technical indicators to pick from. Try out several indicators to see which ones suit your trading approach the best and which ones may be used with the equities you are trading. You’ll probably discover that some indicators help you predict price movement for some stocks quite effectively but not for others.
  • Different sorts of indicators are frequently combined by technical analysts. Technical indicators may be divided into two primary categories: momentum indicators and trend indicators. Trend indicators include moving averages and trend indicators such as MACD. Trend indicators are used to identify the overall direction of a stock’s price, up or down, while momentum indicators gauge the strength of price movement.

Volume – Validating Trends, Chart Patterns

  • Every trader is aware that not all chart patterns and signals will move in the direction they predict. Price movement can be erratic and turbulent, particularly in the near term. As a result, a strategy for reducing this risk is required. The intensity and longevity of a move are validated by traders using volume in order to account for any potential failure in patterns and trends.
  • Simply said, all price movement is fueled by volume. The quantity of shares traded between buyers and sellers who are active participants in the stock market is referred to as volume in the context of trading. A trader wants to see a significant rise in purchasing volume when a bullish chart pattern appears.
  • On the other hand, a bearish chart pattern must exhibit a discernible increase in selling volume.
  • It is crucial that the volume spikes along with the price action pattern when confirming price action through volume. Any forecast pattern that is accompanied by above average volume turnover has a better likelihood of being realized. This is crucial since it adds another level of assurance when investing hard-earned money in the market.

What is volume?

  • Almost all stock charts you’ll find display volume. This is because almost all stock investors view trade volume as a crucial technical indication. Days with higher purchasing volume are shown by blue bars, while days with higher selling volume are denoted by red bars, in addition to the overall amount of trading volume for each day, on the aforementioned chart.
  • Volume is regarded as a very significant technical signal for a very straightforward reason. Large institutional traders, like investment banks, and fund managers, including managers of mutual funds or exchange-traded funds (ETFs), do the vast bulk of stock market buying and selling.

Why is volume important?

  • High trading volume is produced when those investors make significant purchases or sells of a stock, and it is this sort of significant buying and selling by big investors that often moves a stock higher or lower.
  • Individual or other institutional traders thus keep an eye on volume statistics for signs of significant buying or selling activity by large institutions. This data may be used to estimate the stock’s future price movement or to pinpoint crucial price support and resistance levels.
  • In reality, a lot of individual investors base practically all of their purchasing and selling choices on imitating the known behaviors of important institutional traders.

How is volume related to chart patterns?

  • When volume and price movement show that significant institutions are buying stocks, they purchase them; conversely, when there are signs that major institutions are selling equities, they sell them or steer clear of them.
  • This method performs best when used with large, frequently traded equities. Even on days when the stock is more actively traded than normal, it will probably be less successful when used with stocks of tiny businesses that are not yet on the radar of major institutional investors and have relatively low trading volumes.


  • Even the most skilled technical analyst cannot guarantee the accuracy of a stock chart interpretation. If it were, then each and every stock investor would be worth millions. However, understanding how to read a stock chart will unquestionably increase your chances of being a successful stock market trader.
  • Like any other ability, stock chart interpretation is a skill that can only be mastered with practice. The good news is that almost anyone who is willing to put in the time and effort to learn stock chart analysis may enhance their overall stock market trading profitability, if not become an expert at it.
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