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What Are Income Stocks? 

A stock which regularly pays dividend to its shareholders of the company is known as income stock.

Understanding income stocks-

Income stocks usually have a high yield and diluted earnings per share (DPS). Most income stocks usually have very low growth opportunities. They are very stable organisations and of low risk.

In most of the income stocks dividend flows usually increase over time. Income stocks are typically derived from the real estate, energy, or utilities industries. Though the stocks can be derived from any industry, they are typically found in the ones above.

Example of an Income Stock-

IOCL – Indian Oil Corporation Ltd is a classic example of an income stock. As its stock price has risen the energy company it has consistently increased its dividend pay-outs also.

The company’s dividend yield peaked at 10.52% in 2019 and, as of November 11, 2021, is at 7.06%, which is superior to the yield on the 5-year T-note. It has achieved this yield despite the threat of COVID-19, increased competition and environmental issues. 

Uses of Income Stocks-

The investors who want stable income with low risk-reward mostly invests in income stock. Retirees may be attracted to income stocks since they are generally more stable and provide a steady stream of dividends.

In addition to retirees, another use of income stocks can be investments by a pension plan. Since pension plans typically invest in safer investments and need to pay out to those who qualify to withdraw from their pensions, income stocks are a suitable choice. People also tend to invest in income stock as an alternative to FDs and RDs because they mostly gives dividend after specific time.

Also, income stocks can also be used to match revenue streams with future cash outflows. Insurance companies typically invest in fixed-income securities, which generate periodic revenue streams that are applied to claims made throughout a year.

Alternative Options to Income Stocks

Growth Stocks:

Stocks that offer a substantially higher growth rate than the prevailing market growth. It is ideal for investors with a high-risk appetite and dynamic investment objective.

Mutual Funds: 

owing to their investment pooling, allows a diverse investment portfolio and professional fund management for investors. Such funds can be invested in all forms of market securities.

For Whom Income Stocks are Suited For? 

Investors who want to earn a regular income from the stock market as well as have a low-risk appetite can consider going for Income Stocks.

Why Income Stocks Matter to Investors?

The key to selecting income stocks is to single out companies that have offered uninterrupted, steady dividends to investors over a considerable period of time. Most companies with a history of consistent dividend pay-outs would want to adhere to the policy. Ideally, a reputable company should have a 10/15 – year history of consistently shelling out dividends, and even raising it, for that matter.
Income stocks can often be regarded as an indicator of a company’s sound financial strength, considering cash is obviously the pre-requisite when it comes to advancing dividends; that too consistently over a number of years.

To be conclude-

Income stocks offer a steady source of income – mostly in the form of dividends – over a considerable period of time while reducing exposure to risks. More importantly, being usually associated with established companies, income stocks differ from growth stocks as they have steady income and less risky.

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