Article

8 big mistakes to avoid in a falling stock market

02 Apr 2018

Everyone prefers to invest in a bullish stock market. However, investing in a bearish market is seen as a challenge for investors.

Stock markets have been facing a lot of volatility these days, hence, investors should keep a check of what they do and don’t. Panic leads to hasty moves, as a result paying a hefty price. However, if one is cautious of the commonly made mistakes (listed below), it may help in reducing losses to a great extent.

1). Don’t fixate on a price: Investors tend to anchor on a price, at which they bought the stock. They should carefully analyze the reasons for the falling stock and plan their next move accordingly. They must realize that the price at which the stock is bought is not necessarily perceived as its fair value by the market.

2). Say ‘No’ to buying more to average: Even though this concept has its own benefits, keep reminding yourself that this works only if the fundamentals of the stock are strong. The method of averaging is one of the trusted techniques in stock trading.

3). Be well researched regarding the market updates: Do not ignore any significant development happening in the market based on over confidence. Be well informed and take decisions according to the market trends. Your judgement without information may not always be correct.

4). Don’t be a value picker: Buying stocks at their 52-week low may seem a good bargain, but it might turn out to be a value trap. Markets can be unreasonable for longer periods of time than one can think of.

5). Do not make leveraged bets:  Leverage requires that the investment should earn a return, which is at least equivalent to the interest paid on the borrowed capital (if you have borrowed). However, in case of market dips, it can accrue huge losses too.
There’s a high degree of uncertainty involved in the stock market, which can drive the trends either ways – it can bring panic if one is risking the money that they cannot afford to lose. Alternatively, it can force one to close their positions by limiting their options, if they are buying on margin.

6). Don’t alter your financial plans: It is a human tendency to panic and react frantically in the state of stress. Don’t change your investment decisions and existing portfolios based on the current market trends. Keep a clear sight of your asset allocation.

7). Do not stop your Systematic Investment Plans: One should not stop their SIPs during a bear market. The primary purpose of SIP is to encourage buying more units at lower prices and reaping benefits when the market rebounds. Stopping SIPs at that point interrupts the compounding benefit of equities and affect the long term goals.

8). Do not over diversify your portfolio – One should not over diversify his portfolio that too in multiple companies of the same sector. Though this might help one to limit their downside to an extent, but won’t be of much help in the long run. Diversification beyond a point leads to greater risks, and it becomes difficult to monitor the stocks.

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mutual-fund

Why to Choose Mutual Funds Instead of Directly Investing Into Equities?

Whether to invest in equities or mutual funds is a question that has plagued every investor. As someone who needs the best value for his/her investment should you invest in equity directly or via mutual funds?

Let’s start by first understanding what these two terms ‘equities’ and ‘mutual funds’ stand for-

Equities- Equities generally represent ownership of a company. If you own any equity in a company, you are a part owner of the said company (depending on how much equity you own).

Mutual Funds – It is an investment scheme which is professionally managed by an asset management company. It pools together the resources of a group of people and invests their money in equities, debentures, bonds and other securities.

Why choose mutual funds over equities?

For people who’ve never invested in either stocks or mutual funds, it is hard to know which is better and where to start. Broadly speaking, if you are a novice investor, mutual funds are not only less risky but also way easier to manage. Here are some ways in which investing in mutual funds is beneficial as opposed to investing in equities -

Diversification

Mutual funds provide more diversification as compared to an individual equity stock. When you invest in equity, you are investing in a single company which has its inherent risk. For example, if you invest Rs.20,000 in buying equities of one company, you could face a total loss if that particular company performs poorly in the market.  

If you invest the same amount in mutual funds, it will be invested in different kinds of stocks and financial instruments, high-risk and low-risk both, so you might not face total loss even if one company does poorly.

Scale of Investment and Lower Costs

For an individual investor buying and selling stocks is a difficult task due to its high price. Thus, any gains made from stock appreciation are nullified if the overall trading costs are considered. Comparatively with mutual funds, as the money is pooled from a large number of investors, the cost per individual is lowered.  

Another advantage of mutual funds is that you don’t need to invest large sums of money. Buying equities for a profitable venture needs huge amounts of money, a minimum of few lakhs. With mutual funds, you can start with Rs.1000 and earn profits on that as well.

Convenience

Keeping an eye on the markets everyday is a time-consuming business, especially if you are investing as a side gig. There are people who spend their lives studying the market and still end up sustaining heavy losses. Though investing in mutual funds does not guarantee high returns, it is stress-free and needs less work as compared to investing in equities.

To sum it up

It is important to remember that mutual funds have their own disadvantages as well. Thus, as with any financial decision, educating yourself and understanding the suitability of all the available options is the ideal way to invest. 

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8 big mistakes to avoid in a falling stock market

02 Apr 2018

Everyone prefers to invest in a bullish stock market. However, investing in a bearish market is seen as a challenge for investors.

Stock markets have been facing a lot of volatility these days, hence, investors should keep a check of what they do and don’t. Panic leads to hasty moves, as a result paying a hefty price. However, if one is cautious of the commonly made mistakes (listed below), it may help in reducing losses to a great extent.

1). Don’t fixate on a price: Investors tend to anchor on a price, at which they bought the stock. They should carefully analyze the reasons for the falling stock and plan their next move accordingly. They must realize that the price at which the stock is bought is not necessarily perceived as its fair value by the market.

2). Say ‘No’ to buying more to average: Even though this concept has its own benefits, keep reminding yourself that this works only if the fundamentals of the stock are strong. The method of averaging is one of the trusted techniques in stock trading.

3). Be well researched regarding the market updates: Do not ignore any significant development happening in the market based on over confidence. Be well informed and take decisions according to the market trends. Your judgement without information may not always be correct.

4). Don’t be a value picker: Buying stocks at their 52-week low may seem a good bargain, but it might turn out to be a value trap. Markets can be unreasonable for longer periods of time than one can think of.

5). Do not make leveraged bets:  Leverage requires that the investment should earn a return, which is at least equivalent to the interest paid on the borrowed capital (if you have borrowed). However, in case of market dips, it can accrue huge losses too.
There’s a high degree of uncertainty involved in the stock market, which can drive the trends either ways – it can bring panic if one is risking the money that they cannot afford to lose. Alternatively, it can force one to close their positions by limiting their options, if they are buying on margin.

6). Don’t alter your financial plans: It is a human tendency to panic and react frantically in the state of stress. Don’t change your investment decisions and existing portfolios based on the current market trends. Keep a clear sight of your asset allocation.

7). Do not stop your Systematic Investment Plans: One should not stop their SIPs during a bear market. The primary purpose of SIP is to encourage buying more units at lower prices and reaping benefits when the market rebounds. Stopping SIPs at that point interrupts the compounding benefit of equities and affect the long term goals.

8). Do not over diversify your portfolio – One should not over diversify his portfolio that too in multiple companies of the same sector. Though this might help one to limit their downside to an extent, but won’t be of much help in the long run. Diversification beyond a point leads to greater risks, and it becomes difficult to monitor the stocks.