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Aluminium Price

0.05 (0.02%)
As on 13 April, 2024 | 20:52

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About Aluminium

Aluminium is one of the most widely used metals. Its high malleability and low density make it very easy to work with. Besides, it also possesses outstanding corrosion resistance and is simple to cast, mill, and mould. Additionally, it is neither magnetic nor sparking. It is a silvery-white, lightweight metal. Its uses include being a good electrical conductor. 

Hence, it is used in electrical transmission lines. Besides this, Aluminium is also used to make numerous items, such as cans, foil, culinary utensils, window frames, beer kegs, and aeroplane components.

How are Aluminium Rates Decided? 

Aluminium rates are determined based on the different grades. Qualities like resistance to corrosion and heat, good electric conduction, and having non-magnetic properties vary based on these various grades of Aluminium. This determines the rates of Aluminium as a metal. Some of the grades include

1) 1xxx Aluminium Grade Series

This does not have any alloying element. It consists of pure Aluminium (99%). It possesses excellent workability and corrosion resistance. Additionally, it has superior electrical and thermal conductivity but minimal strength.

2) 2xxx Aluminium Grade Series

This consists of Copper as its alloying element. It needs heat treatment for the best properties. This grade has high strength combined with toughness. Corrosion is possible here, and this grade is not that great for workability.

3) 3xxx Aluminium Grade Series

This consists of Manganese as its alloying element. It is about 20% stronger than the 1xxx series. This grade of Aluminium has moderate strength, good corrosion resistance, and workability properties.

4) 4xxx Aluminium Grade Series

This consists of Silicon as its alloying element. This brings down the melting point of this Aluminium grade without causing brittleness and allowing for higher wear resistance.

What are the factors that influence the Aluminium price? 

In the 1970s, people started using Aluminium as a trading commodity. It was bought and sold via standardised commodity contracts in structured and controlled markets. 

Today it is traded all around the world. Some popular exchanges where Aluminium is traded are the London Metal Exchange (LME), Shanghai Futures Exchange (SHFE), and Multi Commodity Exchange Of India (MCX). 

Now let's look at some factors affecting the rates of Aluminium.

1) Substitution

Transportation, particularly in the automotive and aerospace industries, is the biggest market for Aluminium in industrialised nations. Developments in new, lighter materials and their accessibility will ultimately lead to a decline in Aluminium's demand and, consequently, a drop in its prices.

The building and construction business, where demand is still relatively high in emerging nations, and Aluminium can make up to 30% of the building materials, is the second-largest industry for Aluminium. The construction business's irregular nature affects Aluminium's price, as construction expansion drives up prices, and a decline in construction drives down prices. 

2) Cost of electricity

In general, 3 tonnes of bauxite are needed to make 1 tonne of Aluminium. About 15,000-kilowatt hours (kWh) of electricity are needed for this. Contrast this with the 11,000 kWh used annually by the typical American home. The cost and accessibility of electricity highly influence Aluminium's price. According to the U.S. Aluminium Trade Groups, electricity costs make up about 30% of the entire cost of Aluminium. In China, the energy cost is more closely related to the cost of Aluminium at 45%. Almost 2% of the world's energy production goes toward the cost of the electricity required to create Aluminium.

3) Industry demands

As previously mentioned, Aluminium is used in an astounding variety of industries and applications. This comprises machinery, construction, refrigeration, automobile, and aerospace sectors. Any of these industries' technological advancements could impact Aluminium prices. For instance, demand for Aluminium, a durable but lightweight substitute for steel, is projected to rise as green energy gains importance in transportation.

The manufacturing process's use of technology may progress similarly. According to the Aluminium Association, the primary production process has been more effective since it was first used. Over the previous 20 years, it has improved by 20%. The percentage of energy-related production expenses, which significantly affect the price of Aluminium overall, would be reduced by a more effective procedure.

4) Global economy

Metals, including iron ore, nickel, Copper, and Aluminium, play significant roles in the global production and construction sectors. As a result, changes in demand and supply in these sectors can vastly affect the pricing of these metals in the market. Supply and demand could be affected by a variety of changes. The deflation of the U.S. dollar, economic decline, the rapid boom of the Chinese economy, and trade restrictions are a few examples.

Why should you invest in Aluminium? 

To reduce costs, Chinese smelters have reduced the production of Aluminium, which is an energy-intensive procedure, according to a FocusEconomics analysis from late 2021. It should be no surprise that the rising prices pushed Aluminium to levels never before seen in more than a decade. Ewa Manthey, a commodities strategist at ING, thinks China's Aluminium production will be strong throughout the year. 

According to Precedence Research, the worldwide Aluminium market is expected to reach US$277.5 billion by 2030, growing at a compound annual growth rate of 5.61 per cent. For its part, Fact. M.R. estimates that the Aluminium market will exceed US$287 billion by 2032. This market segment anticipates future cast Aluminium alloy sales to be substantially boosted. Cast Aluminium alloys are now widely employed in automotive and aerospace applications, and the rising demand for electric vehicles is influencing the usage of Aluminium-tin alloys.

Aluminium is expected to cost an average of US$2,276 per metric tonne (M.T.) in 2026, according to the International Monetary Fund, and US$2,400 per MT by 2035, according to the World Bank.

Advantages of trading in Aluminium 

Manufacturing contributes significantly to national GDP estimates, especially in emerging economies that are expanding quickly. Thus, trading Aluminium is a way to enhance the expansion of the global GDP.

Other advantages of trading in Aluminium include the following:

1. Asset diversification can be accomplished by including Aluminium in a trading portfolio and other metals and commodities. Commodity baskets, which include Aluminium, can safeguard traders from falls in other commodities in the same grouping.

2. Transportation is crucial to the development of the global economy. As the economy grows, the market for Aluminium in vehicles and aircraft equipment should develop. The demand for Aluminium in transportation items should increase as a result of pro-growth policies in industrialised and developing economies.

3. China accounts for a significant portion of the world's Aluminium production and consumption. Aluminium demand increased in recent years in the quickly developing Chinese economy, driven by the construction, transportation, and electronics industries. However, as China's GDP slowed, the vast supply could not be consumed by the domestic market, and Chinese producers expanded Aluminium exports to the United States and other nations. Aluminium demand in China is expected to increase if economic growth there expands even further. This can lead to a lack of supplies and higher prices.

How to invest in Aluminium? 

Now, if you are ready to start investing, you first need to make some significant choices. You need to select an investing platform and a strategy of investment that will suit your future expectations from your investment. To begin with, you can seek advice from a financial guidance expert who will list the pros and cons of each of such strategies.

Strategies for investing in Aluminium include

  • Investing in Aluminium stocks
  • Investing in Aluminium ETFs
  • Investing in Aluminium futures

Aluminium FAQs

What is the price of Aluminium Today?

The Price of Aluminium in MCX is 226.5.

How to Trade in Aluminium?

Open Demat Account with 5Paisa to trade in Aluminium.

What are Aluminium and bauxite?

In the form of oxides and Aluminium silicates, Aluminium is the third most prevalent chemical element in the planet's crust. The primary ingredient used to make Aluminium is the mineral bauxite.

How are rainforests affected by obtaining Aluminium?

The huge waste product and toxic red mud from Aluminium smelting are similarly bad for the environment. The gases created during the processing of Aluminium, particularly fluoride, are dangerous to plants, wildlife, and humans who live close to the smelters and can lead to respiratory illnesses, bone damage (fluorosis), skin issues, and a variety of other health dangers.

In industrial countries, what is the rate of Aluminium usage?

In industrialised nations, metal use is still increasing. Germany tops the list per capita consumption with 31.6 kg per person, followed by the U.S. (30 kg) and Japan (26.4 kg). Transportation accounts for the highest portion of Aluminium use worldwide at 29%, followed by construction (22%), packaging (15%), energy generation (12%), mechanical engineering, and durable consumer products (9% each).

What makes Aluminium an important source of foreign exchange, and why is it a driver of development for producing countries?

Most of the time, the projects result in debt that flows for years to wealthy nations as interest payments. Contracts with the government-owned power company in Brazil were negotiated jointly by the Aluminium producers there. As a result, they pay less for electricity than it costs to produce. According to the governments, other perks entice businesses, including tax exemptions, duty-free input imports, and income tax exemption for foreign staff.

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