History Of Tata Group

Tanushree Jaiswal Tanushree Jaiswal

Last Updated: 4th June 2023 - 04:44 pm

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One of India's oldest and biggest corporations was created in 1868 by Jamsetji Tata and is known as the Tata Group. Tata was first founded as a trading corporation before diversifying into steel, autos, telephones, and hospitality sectors. Tata Steel was established in 1907 and quickly became prominent in the world steel industry as India's first integrated steel mill. The stories about Tata Group's accomplishments go beyond business.

The company saw enormous growth and global expansion under Ratan Tata's inspirational leadership. The IT services and consulting division of Tata, TCS, has become a market leader in the software sector. The history of Tata Group shows that it now conducts business across more than 100 nations and numerous industries. Tata, renowned for its moral standards and generosity, still represents Indian enterprise and its impact on the world stage.

Brief Information About Tata Company Limited

Here is a table showing brief information about Tata Group:


Tata Company Limited




Mumbai, India



Key Subsidiaries

Tata Motors, Tata Steel, TCS, Tata Power, Taj Hotels

Founding Chairman

Jamsetji Tata

Current Chairman

Natarajan Chandrasekaran

Revenue (2020)

₹7.7 trillion (USD 103 billion)


Over 720,000

How Big is Tata Group?

Global presence in more than 100 countries

Notable Achievements

Pioneered the Indian steel industry, the history of Tata Group contributed significantly to India's industrialization and economic development, was known for ethical practices and philanthropy, and operated prestigious educational and research institutions.

What are the Products of Tata Group?

Passenger and commercial vehicles, steel, information technology, power generation, hospitality, consumer goods, chemicals, telecommunications, financial services, and more.

Global Expansion

The history of Tata Group shows that it has expanded its operations globally through acquisitions, partnerships, and strategic investments. It has a strong presence in various international markets, including Europe, North America, Africa, and Asia-Pacific.


History of Tata Company Limited

The history of Tata Group is: 

●    Jamsetji Tata founded the business in 1868, starting as a commerce firm before branching out into other sectors.
●    Created India's first integrated steel plant, Tata Steel, in 1907.
●    Established Tata Motors in 1945 (formerly known as Tata Engineering and Locomotive Co. Ltd.).
●    Expansion into industries like telecommunications, hospitality, and information technology.
●    Known for their commitment to social responsibility and honest business practices.
●    Under Ratan Tata's direction, the history of the Tata group saw substantial development and international expansion.
●    Tata Consultancy Services (TCS), Tata Power, Taj Hotels, and other companies are subsidiaries.
●    Runs a variety of enterprises throughout more than 100 nations.
●    Denotes Indian philanthropy and entrepreneurship.

Timeline of Tata Company Limited

The significant accomplishments in the history of Tata Group and the fact that how did Tata Group started are listed below, year by year:

●    Jamsetji Tata is the founder of Tata Company Limited.
●    Founded as a business for trading.
●    The beginning of Tata's business endeavors.
●    Lays the groundwork for future development and expansion.

●    In 1903, Tata Steel was first founded.
●    It became a crucial turning point in Tata's development.
●    Signifies the start of the steel industry.

●    Tata Steel established itself as India's first integrated steel plant.
●    Represents a significant success for Tata in the steel sector.
●    Makes Tata Steel a significant player in the world steel industry.
●    Helps India's industrialization and economic development.

●    Tata Hydroelectric Power Supply Company was established.
●    Marks Tata's introduction into the industry of electricity production.
●    Pioneers in India's production of hydroelectric power.
●    Aids in the creation of sustainable and reliable energy sources.

●    The renowned Taj Mahal Palace Hotel opened in Mumbai in 1912.
●    Represents Tata's foray into the hospitality sector.
●    Becomes a representation of the warmth and quality of Indian architecture.
●    Sets the basis for future hospitality success for Tata.

●    The Tata Oil Mills Company (TOMCO) was founded.
●    Represents the entry of Tata into the consumer products industry.
●    Produces and distributes edible oils, soaps, and other personal care items.
●    Marks the expansion of Tata's business beyond heavy industries.
●    The history of Tata Group lays the groundwork for Tata's participation in the FMCG (fast-moving consumer goods) sector.

●    Tata Aviation Service was established.
●    Symbolizes Tata's entry into the aviation sector.
●    Provides air transportation services, including flights for both passengers and freight.
●    Offers a crucial kind of connectivity and mobility within India.
●    Prepares the ground for future aviation engagement by Tata.

●    In 1938, Tata Chemicals was founded.
●    Marks Tata's expansion into the fertilizer and chemical industries.
●    Manufacturing chemicals, fertilizers, and other industrial goods are one of its activities.
●    Contributes to the industrial and agricultural development of India.

●    Tata Engineering and Locomotive Co. Ltd., now known as Tata Motors, was established.
●    Represents the entry of Tata into the automotive sector.
●    Starts producing business vehicles before expanding to include passenger cars.
●    Plays a crucial part in the mobility solutions and transportation industries in India.

●    The Tata Institute of Social Sciences was founded.
●    Reflects Tata's dedication to social and educational advancement.
●    Offers courses in social work, the social sciences, and related fields.
●    Contributes to social sector research, policy development, and capacity building.
●    Essential in tackling social concerns and fostering upcoming social leaders.

●    Tata Power became India's first fully integrated power corporation.
●    Represents a big achievement for Tata's capacity for electricity generation.
●    Aids in the creation of inexpensive and dependable electrical infrastructure.
●    Enables industrial expansion and raises living standards for millions of people.

●    Established in 1958, Tata Tea is now known as Tata Consumer Products.
●    Signifies Tata's introduction into the tea manufacturing and distribution industry.
●    Specializes in the production, marketing, and cultivation of tea.
●    Builds a solid portfolio of well-known tea brands across the globe.

●    In 1968, Tata Consultancy Services (TCS) was established.
●    Represents Tata's debut in the consulting and information technology services sector.
●    Provides clients around the world with a variety of IT solutions and services.
●    Becomes one of the biggest IT services providers in the world.

●    In 1971, Tata Press—currently known as Tata McGraw Hill—was founded.
●    Publishes books for professionals and students, assisting in expanding India's publishing sector.

●    Tata Chemicals first joined the soda ash business.
●    Becomes one of the world's major manufacturers of soda ash.
●    Increasing Tata's position on the world market while increasing its chemical sector footprint.

●    The Tata Indica was introduced by Tata Motors in 1996.
●    Introduces the nation's first domestic passenger vehicle.
●    Highlights Tata's engineering prowess and represents a crucial turning point in the company's automotive capabilities.

●    Tata Group purchased Tata Communications (formerly VSNL) in 2000.
●    Increases Tata's market share in the communications industry.
●    Enables Tata to offer a variety of communication services across the globe.

●    Tata Consultancy Services (TCS) surpassed the $1 billion mark in yearly revenue, becoming the first Indian business to do so.
●    Marks is a crucial turning point in TCS's development and makes it the global IT service industry leader.

●    In 2007, Tata Motors purchased Jaguar Land Rover.
●    Represents a significant turning point in Tata's international growth and entry into the premium auto market.

●    Tata Motors introduced the Tata Nano.
●    Known as the "world's cheapest car," it offers millions of people in India and elsewhere access to economical transportation.
●    The history of Tata Group shows Tata's inventiveness and dedication to ensuring mobility is affordable for a larger populace.

●    In Gujarat, India, Tata Power launched the world's most concentrated solar power project in 2010.
●    Demonstrates Tata's dedication to sustainable power generation and renewable energy.

●    2012 marks the 100th anniversary in the history of Tata Group.
●    Marks a century of progress, innovation, and contributions to India's industrial and economic expansion.
●    Demonstrates Tata's long tradition and dedication to excellence across various industries.

●    2016 saw the sale of Tata Steel of its UK-based assets, which includes the Port Talbot steelworks.
●    Represents a tactical approach to address operational simplification and financial issues in the global steel market.

●    2017 sees Tata Consultancy Services (TCS) overtake other IT services providers as the world's most valuable IT service provider.
●    Highlights TCS's dominance in the technology sector and outstanding market performance.

●    Tata Sons, the controlling firm in the history of Tata Group, converted to a private limited company.
●    Represents a tactical choice to improve company governance and streamline operations.
●    Gives the Tata Group more freedom and agility when making decisions.

●    Tata Sons, the holding company in the history of Tata Group, will change its status to a private limited company.
●    Reflects the reorganization of the company's governance and legal framework.
●    Improves Tata's capacity to take advantage of future growth possibilities and adjust to changing commercial environments.

Subsidiaries of Tata Company Limited

Here is a list about Tata Group major subsidiaries::



Tata Motors


Tata Steel


Tata Consultancy Services (TCS)

Information Technology Services

Tata Power

Power and Energy

Tata Chemicals

Chemicals and Fertilizers

Tata Consumer Products

Fast-Moving Consumer Goods

Tata Communications


Tata Motors Finance

Financial Services

Tata Global Beverages


Tata Elxsi

Product Design and Engineering Services

Tata AIA Life Insurance

Life Insurance

Tata Housing Development Company

Real Estate Development

Tata Sky

Direct-to-Home Television Services

Tata Realty and Infrastructure

Real Estate and Infrastructure Development

Tata Motors European Technical Centre

Automotive Research and Development

Tata Company Limited Subsidiaries: Overview

There is a question generally asked: “What Tata Group Do”? So the answer is that the Tata Group works in several industries: transportation, steel, information technology, energy, consumer products, telecommunications, and hospitality. Through forming or acquiring subsidiaries, the history of Tata Group has frequently broadened its business activities and diversified into several industries.

Here is a list of some of Tata Company Limited's major subsidiaries showing how big is Tata Group:

1.    Tata Motors: A division of the Tata Group, Tata Motors is one of the largest automakers in India. Automobiles, utility vehicles, and commercial vehicles are just a few examples it is renowned for making. Tata Motors has significantly impacted the Indian auto sector and increased its global reach through strategic alliances and acquisitions.

2.    Tata Steel: One of the world's leading steel producers and suppliers is Tata Steel, which creates and distributes steel goods for various industries. It operates internationally and has manufacturing facilities in many different nations. It has a significant presence in India. Tata Steel is renowned for providing premium steel goods and creative answers for the infrastructure, automotive, and construction sectors.

3.    Tata Consultancy Services (TCS): TCS is a world-renowned business solution, IT services, and consulting provider. TCS offers a wide range of services as the flagship business in the history of Tata Group, including application development, infrastructure management, business process outsourcing, and other things. TCS supports clients across numerous industries and has a global footprint, which helps with digital transformation and technology-driven innovation.

4.    Tata Power: The largest integrated power firm in India, Tata Power engages in the production, transmission, and distribution of electricity. In addition to thermal, hydro, solar, and wind energy projects, it runs a variety of power plants. To advance clean and green power generation, Tata Power is dedicated to sustainable energy practices.

5.    Tata Chemicals: Tata Chemicals is a market leader in the fertilizers and chemicals sectors. It produces many compounds, including salt, sodium bicarbonate, and soda ash. Tata Chemicals also manufactures fertilizers to aid in the development of agriculture. The business, which strongly emphasizes sustainable practices, has forayed into industries including water management and nutraceuticals.

6.    Tata Consumer Products: Formerly known as Tata Global Beverages, Tata Consumer Products is a multinational beverage firm with a broad range of goods. Under well-known brands, including Tata Tea, Tetley, Eight O'Clock Coffee, and Himalayan Water, it provides a variety of beverages, including tea, coffee, and water. Tata Consumer Products is dedicated to providing consumers worldwide with high-quality beverages.

7.    Tata Communications: Tata Communications is a well-known international provider of telecommunications services. It offers various services, such as managed enterprise solutions, voice, and data. Tata Communications manages a strong global network infrastructure, giving governments, service providers, and companies access to connection solutions.

8.    Tata Motors Finance (TMF): TMF is a division of Tata Motors that offers financing for purchasing Tata automobiles. TMF provides several types of financing, such as auto loans, lease financing, and insurance choices. It is crucial to make it simpler for clients to purchase Tata vehicles by offering them simple and adaptable financing choices.

9.    Tata Global Beverages (TGB): TGB produces and distributes beverages worldwide. TGB is a division of Tata Consumer Products. Tea, coffee, and water are all part of TGB's product lineup, which caters to various consumer tastes. Well-known brands like Tata Tea, Tetley, Good Earth, and Eight O'Clock Coffee are owned by this company. TGB concentrates on providing premium beverages and is well-known both domestically and abroad.

10.    Tata Elxsi: A global design and technology consultancy firm, Tata Elxsi is a division of Tata Company Limited. It provides product design and engineering services for various industries, including automotive, media and communications, healthcare, and more. Tata Elxsi is an expert in fields including artificial intelligence, industrial design, user experience design, and embedded systems. The business works with customers to create cutting-edge solutions and supports them in bringing goods to market successfully.

11.    Tata AIA Life Insurance: A renowned pan-Asian life insurance firm, AIA Group Limited and Tata Sons have partnered to create Tata AIA Life Insurance. The subsidiary provides various life insurance products and services to people, families, and businesses. Tata AIA Life Insurance provides great customer service and establishes long-term connections with its clients to offer them financial protection, savings, and investment solutions. The business provides complete and dependable life insurance solutions by fusing the insurance know-how of AIA with the trust and integrity in the history of Tata Group.

12.    Tata Housing Development Company: THDC is a subsidiary of Tata Company Limited and specializes in real estate development. It concentrates on developing quality, sustainable, client-centered residential, commercial, and retail projects. The goal of THDC, which is present in several Indian cities, is to provide clients with homes and spaces that improve their quality of life. The company's projects frequently include cutting-edge architectural concepts, contemporary facilities, and sustainable practices, showing its dedication to building thriving communities.

13.    Tata Sky: Direct-to-home (DTH) television services are offered in India through the joint venture between Tata Sons and The Walt Disney Company known as Tata Sky. It provides its subscribers with various interactive services, digital TV channels, and value-added features. Tata Sky strives to offer top-notch entertainment with an emphasis on client pleasure. To improve the viewing experience for its members, the company has included cutting-edge features, including video-on-demand, interactive services, and personalized content recommendations.

14.    Tata Realty and Infrastructure (TRIL): A division of Tata Company Limited, Tata Realty and Infrastructure focuses on infrastructure and real estate development. TRIL concentrates on building homes, businesses, and mixed-use buildings and undertaking infrastructure initiatives like roads, bridges, and other forms of urban infrastructure. The subsidiary wants to build efficient spaces that suit the needs of people, communities, and enterprises. To produce high-quality developments that contribute to the general growth and development of cities and regions, TRIL uses its expertise in project management, design, and implementation.


Through its many subsidiaries, Tata Company Limited has made a substantial contribution to various industries, including steel, automotive, real estate, and more. The history of Tata Group shows that the company continues to fuel growth and have a beneficial impact on society by putting a strong emphasis on innovation, sustainability, and customer happiness.


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