How to report F&O Gains & Losses: Understanding Taxes and ITR Forms

How to report F&O Gains & Losses: Understanding Taxes and ITR Forms
How to report F&O Gains & Losses: Understanding Taxes and ITR Forms

by Tanushree Jaiswal Last Updated: Jul 06, 2023 - 12:35 pm 600 Views
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Trading in futures & options (F&O) can be an exciting endeavor, but it's essential to understand the tax implications involved.

F&O Gains Are Treated as Business Income: These gains are added to your total income & taxed at the applicable slab rate. If you incur a loss, it's crucial to file your return by the due date.

Deductible Expenses

As F&O trading is treated as business income, you can claim deductions for related expenses. For e.g. brokerage fees, trading portal subscriptions, telephone & internet charges, training course fees, & even equipment purchased for trading purposes.

Audit Requirements

If your F&O trading turnover exceeds Rs. 10 crore in a financial year, you are required to maintain detailed books of accounts & get them audited by a chartered accountant. Even if your turnover is below this threshold, an audit is necessary if you opted for presumptive taxation in any of the past five years but did not declare losses in the current year.

Carry forward of Losses

In F&O trading, losses are common. The good news is that you can adjust these losses against other sources of income such as rentals, interest, & capital gains (excluding salary income). If the losses cannot be fully adjusted in a year, they can be carried forward for up to 8 financial years, providing a safety net for investors.

Correct ITR Forms

If you are a salaried taxpayer with F&O trading income, avoid using ITR 1 or ITR 2 to file your returns. Instead, use ITR 3 & categorize the income as "income from business or profession." However, if you run a business & opt for the presumptive income scheme, use ITR 4 for filing your tax return.

Advance Tax Obligations

If your F&O trading income exceeds Rs. 10,000 during the financial year, you are required to pay advance tax. This means depositing a portion of your estimated tax liability at specified intervals. The tax calendar outlines the due dates for advance tax payments.


By treating F&O gains as business income, keeping track of deductible expenses, being aware of audit requirements, utilizing loss carry-forward provisions, selecting the correct ITR form, & meeting advance tax obligations, you can navigate the taxation process effectively.

Remember, it's always advisable to consult a tax professional or chartered accountant for personalized guidance based on your specific circumstances. With this simplified guide, you can now approach F&O taxation with confidence & ensure compliance with the tax regulations.

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About the Author

Tanushree is a seasoned professional with 6 years of experience in the Fintech and Edtech industry.


Investment/Trading in securities Market is subject to market risk, past performance is not a guarantee of future performance. The risk of loss in trading and investment in Securities markets including Equites and Derivatives can be substantial. Also, The
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