Old and New Tax Regimes in India: A Comprehensive Guide

Old and New Tax Regimes in India

by Tanushree Jaiswal Last Updated: Aug 24, 2023 - 12:37 pm 279 Views

The Indian government introduced a new optional tax rate regime in April 2020, providing reduced tax rates for individuals and Hindu undivided families (HUFs) in exchange for forgoing specified tax deductions or exemptions. In the recent Union Budget 2023, the new tax regime has become the default option, while taxpayers can choose the old regime if they prefer.

Old Tax Regime Highlights

Deductions and Exemptions 

The old tax regime allowed taxpayers to claim deductions against various allowances and specified investments/expenses such as HRA, LTA, PPF, NPS, housing loan repayment, tuition fees, and more.

Tax Slab Rates

Under the old regime, income up to INR 2.5 lakh is exempt from personal income tax, with a maximum tax rate of 30% applicable on income above INR 15 lakh.

Tax Rebate 

Taxpayers earning between INR 2.5 lakh and INR 5 lakh can avail of a tax rebate under section 87A.

Suitable for 

Individuals with investments in tax-saving instruments, life/medical insurance premiums, children's school fees, and those eligible for deductions/exemptions under HRA, LTA, etc., may find the old tax regime more beneficial.

New Tax Regime Highlights

Lower Tax Rates 

The new tax regime offers lower tax rates with five slab rates ranging from 0% to 30%. Income up to INR 3 lakh is exempt from tax, and the highest rate of 30% applies to income above INR 15 lakh.

Standard Deduction 

Salaried individuals in the new tax regime can claim a standard deduction of INR 50,000.

Full Rebate 

Individuals earning up to INR 7 lakh annually are entitled to a full rebate.

Suitable for 

Individuals with minimal deductions/exemptions, not eligible for HRA, LTA, or other specified investments, and those seeking simplicity and lower tax rates may benefit from the new tax regime.

Determining the Suitable Tax Regime

Evaluate Deductions/Exemptions 

Taxpayers should compare the impact of deductions/exemptions claimed under the old regime with the benefit of lower tax rates in the new regime. Consider factors like HRA, LTA, PPF, EPF, etc.

Assess Income Sources

If income includes business or professional income, once the new tax rates are opted for, they will apply for subsequent years. However, a switch back to the old regime is possible once, except for individuals without business or professional income who can choose annually.

Analyze Tax Liability 

Calculate the tax liability under both regimes based on income, deductions, and applicable tax rates. The comparison will help determine which regime offers a lower tax burden.

Individual Circumstances 

Each taxpayer's financial situation and specific deductions/exemptions may vary. Consequently, personalized evaluation is crucial to identifying the optimal tax regime.


Choosing between the old and new tax regimes in India requires a careful examination of individual circumstances. While the new tax regime offers lower tax rates and simplicity, the old regime provides room for claiming various deductions/exemptions. Taxpayers with investments in tax-saving instruments, eligible for deductions like HRA, LTA, PPF, etc., may find the old regime more advantageous. On the other hand, individuals with minimal deductions and seeking simplicity may benefit from the new regime. To make an informed decision, taxpayers should assess their income sources, evaluate deductions, and calculate tax liabilities under both regimes. By considering these factors, individuals can choose the tax regime that best suits their financial goals and circumstances.


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About the Author

Tanushree is a seasoned professional with 6 years of experience in the Fintech and Edtech industry.


Investment/Trading in securities Market is subject to market risk, past performance is not a guarantee of future performance. The risk of loss in trading and investment in Securities markets including Equites and Derivatives can be substantial.
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