The CUSIP is a system that assigns unique IDs to assets such as stocks, bonds, and mutual funds. CUSIP full form stands for Committee on Uniform Securities Identification Procedures The CUSIP number, a nine-character alphanumeric code, is used in the financial industry as a standardised identifying technique.
Understand the CUSIP meaning and how to utilise it wisely.
A CUSIP number is a nine-character alphanumeric identification that is unique to each security. It is used to identify stocks, bonds, mutual funds, and other financial assets in a standardised manner. In the financial business, the CUSIP number aids in securities trading, settlement, and clearance. CUSIP numbers are used by financial institutions, brokerage firms, custodians, and other market participants to track and manage securities in their portfolios. CUSIP numbers are also commonly used for reporting, research, and reference purposes.
What is CUSIP Number?
CUSIP numbers are primarily used to give a standardised identity for securities across various financial systems and platforms. They make trade settlement, record-keeping, and regulatory compliance more efficient.
The American Bankers Association (ABA) manages the CUSIP system through its CUSIP Service Bureau. The bureau assigns CUSIP numbers to securities and manages the CUSIP identifier database. CUSIP numbers, which were originally designed for usage in the United States, are now recognised and used internationally for certain securities, improving global connectivity and standardisation in the financial markets.
How CUSIP Numbers Work
A CUSIP number, like the stock symbols assigned to the shares of a publicly listed firm, is a unique identification connected to a corporation's equity, debt, and other assets. It is made up of nine numbers and is comparable to a serial number:
The CUSIP number is made up of three parts.
● The first six characters represent the security's issuer or firm. These characters are unique to each issuer and are based on the company's name. This set is also called CUSIP-6.
● The security type is identified by the seventh and eighth characters.
● The ninth character is a check digit automatically generated to validate the CUSIP number's accuracy.
Examples of CUSIP Numbers
The American Bankers Association operates the CUSIP Service Bureau, which assigns CUSIP numbers.
Here are a few examples of CUSIP Numbers:
1. Apple Inc. common stock: 037833100
2. Microsoft Corporation bonds: 594918AL9
3. Vanguard Total Stock Market Index Fund: 922908363
4. United States Treasury Note: 912828M60
5. Alphabet: 02079K107
6. Alaska Air Group: 011659109
7. Walmart: 931142103
8. Coca-Cola Company preferred stock: 191216100
9. Inc. convertible bonds: 88160RAA7
10. Amazon.com, Inc. warrants: 023135200
11. Exxon Mobil Corporation corporate bonds: 30231GAC9
12. Berkshire Hathaway Inc. Class B common stock: 084670207
13. JPMorgan Chase & Co. depositary shares: 46625H202
These examples highlight the wide range of securities that are assigned CUSIP numbers, including stocks, bonds, index funds, and others. CUSIP numbers give a standardised manner of identifying these securities, allowing for efficient tracking, reporting, and trading operations within the financial industry.
It is crucial to note that CUSIP numbers might change over time because they are assigned by the American Bankers Association's CUSIP Service Bureau. These examples are provided for illustration purposes only and may not reflect the most recent or accurate CUSIP numbers for the securities mentioned.
Finding CUSIP Numbers
The Municipal Securities Rulemaking Board's (MSRB) Electronic Municipal Market Access (EMMA) website can be used to look up CUSIP numbers for municipal securities. Here's how it's done:
1. Go to the EMMA website: Visit the EMMA website at emma.msrb.org.
2. Search for the security: Enter the name or description of the municipal security you're looking for into the search box on the EMMA homepage. You can conduct a search using the issuer's name, the security's name, the CUSIP, or any other relevant information.
3. Access the security information: Locate the specific security you're searching for in the search results and click on it to get additional information.
4. Find the CUSIP number: The CUSIP number should be given on the security details page, along with other important information about the security. The CUSIP is often displayed publicly as the security's unique identification.
5. Check the information: To verify correctness, double-check the CUSIP number. For confirmation, cross-referencing with other sources or official documents is always advised.
ISIN vs CUSIP
ISIN stands for International Securities Identification Number
CUSIPs are frequently utilised by North American financial institutions, regulators, and market players.
CUSIP Numbers are essential in the financial industries for the following reasons
● CUSIP numbers serve as a standardised and unique identification for individual assets such as stocks, bonds, mutual funds, and options. With millions of securities traded globally, CUSIP numbers assist differentiate one investment from another, ensuring proper tracking and reporting.
● CUSIP numbers help financial markets run smoothly by allowing for quick and precise identification of securities throughout trading and settlement operations. They aid in the matching of buyers and sellers, the appropriate clearance and payment of transactions, and the reduction of errors or confusion in the trading workflow.
● CUSIP numbers help to safeguard investors by guaranteeing transparency and accuracy in the securities market. By referencing CUSIP numbers, investors can verify the precise assets they own or want to invest in, reducing the risk of misinterpretation or deception.