# How to Calculate NAV of Mutual Fund?

5paisa Research Team Date: 04 Jul, 2023 11:55 AM IST

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## Introduction

It is possible to calculate a company's net worth by subtracting its total assets from its total liabilities. This is known as the net asset value (NAV). A mutual fund or an exchange-traded fund (ETF) Net Asset Value (NAV) is a measure of the fund's value at a certain point in time.

When evaluating mutual funds, ETFs, and indexes, net asset value (NAV) is often used (NAV). You may use net asset value to see how much money you have invested. There is a need for an investment account to invest in any of the above assets.

## What Exactly is the Net Asset Value of a Mutual Fund?

Assets and liabilities may theoretically be used for any corporate organization or financial product that interacts with these ideas. When referring to a company's assets and liabilities, the term "net assets" or "net worth" or "capital" refers to the difference.

When it comes to fund valuation and pricing, the term "NAV" has gained traction as a way to describe what happens when you divide the difference between assets and liabilities by the number of shares or units that investors own. By providing a "per-share" value, a mutual fund's NAV may easily be utilized for pricing and trading in the fund's stock.

In many cases, the NAV (net asset value) of a company is in close proximity or equal to its book value. High-growth companies are often valued at a premium above their net asset value (NAV). An undervalued or overpriced stock may be identified by comparing the NAV against the market capitalization (MC). The NAV or enterprise value is also used as a multiple in a number of financial measurements.

## How is Nav Calculated?

Here is the formula for mutual fund NAV calculation:

NAV=(Assets – Liabilities) / Total Shares

You may find the computed NAV on the official websites and any third-party applications you may have opted to use to invest in mutual fund schemes, such as 5paisa. By login into your trading account, you may quickly obtain all the information you need about a mutual fund before investing, including the fund's NAV.
However, you may use the following method to get the NAV of the mutual fund scheme in which you might be interested: Let us see how to calculate NAV of the mutual fund with the help of the following formula:

Net Asset Value is calculated as Net Asset of the Scheme / Outstanding Units.
In this case, the net asset of the schemes may be estimated as the market value of the investments, receivables, other accrued income, and other assets. The value must then be deducted from the total with the sum of the accumulated costs, other payables, and other liabilities.

Investors who have previously made investments in mutual funds should be aware that because you get units of a scheme from the mutual funds, the NAV is determined on a unit basis.

Let's use an illustration to better understand how NAV is calculated:
Say investor X wants to put money into the plan XYZ. The program has an approximate 100 lac share cap, and each share costs Rs. 10 at face value. The market value of the fund receivable is around 180 lacs, and there are 10 lacs of outstanding shares. Let's also take into account accumulated revenue, receivables valued at Rs. 1 lakh each, accrued costs valued at Rs. 50,000 each, and liabilities valued at Rs.

Now, we can use this information to get the NAV: (180+1+1-0.5-0.5)/10 lacs = Rs. 18.10 per unit. This suggests that if a shareholder wants to contribute Rs. 10 lakh to the XYZ fund, he will receive around 55,248.62 units.

For easy calculations you can make use of online calculators and avail yourself of current NAV of any fund in seconds, easily and hassle-free.

## The Relationship Between NAV & Mutual Funds

A significant number of investors' money is pooled together to form a fund. Investments in a wide range of stocks and other financial products are subsequently made using the money raised. In proportion to the amount invested, each investor receives a certain number of fund shares, which they may sell (redeem the value of) at a later point and keep the profit or loss.

It is necessary to have a system in place to price the fund's shares once regular buying and selling (investing and redeeming) begins following the fund's first launch. NAV is used as the basis for this pricing strategy. Therefore, the price of a mutual fund changes as the fund's NAVPS changes.

Instead of a stock's price fluctuating with each passing second, mutual funds do not. According to the end-of-the-day approach, mutual funds are valued based on their assets and liabilities. Investments, cash, and cash equivalents, receivables as well as the accrued income are all assets of a mutual fund.

The closing prices of the securities in the fund's portfolio are used to calculate the market value of the fund once daily. The cash and cash equivalents section of a fund's balance sheet is used to account for the fund's cash and liquid assets.

In the context of a fund's financial statements, the terms "receivables" and "accrued income" refer to money that has been generated but has not yet been received. The fund's assets are the total of all of these goods and any of their qualifying versions.

Debts owing to the lending banks, outstanding payments, and charges and fees to other related companies are all liabilities that mutual funds often have. Non-resident shareholders' shares, unpaid income or dividends, and unremitted sale profits are all examples of foreign liabilities that a fund may have. It is possible to divide these outflows into long-term and short-term liabilities, depending on the time horizon for payment.

Additionally, a fund's liabilities include accruing costs, such as wages for employees, utility bills, operating costs, management fees, distribution costs, marketing costs, fees for transfer agents, custodial fees, and other fees associated with the fund's operations. A business days’ worth of assets and liabilities are taken into account during mutual funds NAV calculation.

## When is Nav Calculated?

Mutual funds publish their NAV on a daily basis. Unlike equities, which are affected by market developments and are updated on a minute-by-minute basis, mutual funds publish their NAV at the end of the trading day after the market has closed. Furthermore, the plan's NAVs are assigned prospectively and disclosed based on the closing market value of the securities owned in the scheme. Under the SEBI Mutual Fund rules, all schemes must adhere to a cut-off schedule in order to report their NAVs based on the transaction type.

Let us take a look at the cut-off timeline

 Transaction Type Transaction received before cut-off timing Money Received by MF before cut-off timing Applicable NAV Purchase / SIP Installment Yes Yes Same Day NAV No Yes NAV of the next business day on which time Stamping was done before the cut-off time Yes No NAV of the next business day on which funds was received by the Mutual fund before the cut-off time For Inter-scheme Switch Transaction Transaction Type Transaction received before cut-off timing Money Received by MF before cut-off timing Applicable NAV Switch-out Yes — Same Day NAV Switch-in — Yes NAV of the business day on which the funds are received, this must be in line with the redemption pay out of Switch-out scheme, in Switch-in scheme it shall be before the cut-off time

## What does a High or Low Nav Indicate?

Higher NAV often indicates that the plan has done well in the past or has been in existence for a long period. A fund with a high NAV is deemed pricey and, incorrectly, provides a low return on investment. But,  a low NAV does not imply that a fund is inexpensive, nor does a high NAV indicate that a fund is costly. Simply put, the NAV has no part in determining whether or not you should invest in a fund.

Also, the difference in NAV between low and high NAV has no bearing on their potential. If you avoid a certain scheme because it has a higher NAV, you are effectively punishing the scheme for performing well.

Many people have the impression that considering NAV is crucial when investing in mutual funds. A low or high NAV does not, however, significantly affect the fund's profitability, with the exception of instances when more units can be traded due to choppy markets.Before investing in mutual funds, there are a number of other elements to take into account, including AUM, the mutual fund's financial goals, risk profile, scheme type, etc. Additionally, it is not possible for NAV to be overpriced or undervalued since the asset size of the corporation controls it rather than market forces. Instead of market swings, it is primarily connected to the price of the equities the plan invests in.

Most investors assume that an asset's net worth is equal to its stock price. The result is that low-net-asset-value funds are seen as more affordable and, as a result, better investments. In contrast to this, there is no connection between the net asset value and the performance of the fund. If a fund's net worth is low, it doesn't mean that it's a bad investment.

For an asset's net worth to be meaningful, it must show how its underlying assets have fared over time. When selecting funds to invest in, investors should not base their decisions only on one factor. To make an educated choice, they should evaluate the returns on their assets.

When it comes to assessing a fund's daily performance, it is crucial to know the asset's net worth. It does not provide an indication of how profitable a fund is. As a result, before making an investment decision, potential investors should research the current cost of capital and its past performance.

## Conclusion

Most investors assume that an asset's net worth is equal to its stock price. The result is that low-net-asset-value funds are seen as more affordable and, as a result, better investments. In contrast to this, there is no connection between the net asset value and the performance of the fund. If a fund's net worth is low, it doesn't mean that it's a bad investment.

For an asset's net worth to be meaningful, it must show how its underlying assets have fared over time. When selecting funds to invest in, investors should not base their decisions only on one factor. To make an educated choice, they should evaluate the returns on their assets.

When it comes to assessing a fund's daily performance, it is crucial to know the asset's net worth. It does not provide an indication of how profitable a fund is. As a result, before making an investment decision, potential investors should research the current cost of capital and its past performance.

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