NRI Mutual Fund Taxation in India

NRI Mutual Fund Taxation in India
NRI Mutual Fund Taxation in India

by Tanushree Jaiswal Last Updated: Sep 08, 2023 - 10:02 am 248 Views

Due to their ability to generate wealth and their advantages for diversification, mutual funds have long been a well-liked investment option. However, there are certain tax laws and requirements that apply to NRIs who invest in mutual funds that they must follow.

To maximize earnings and adhere to both domestic and Indian tax rules, it is essential to comprehend the complexities of NRI mutual fund taxes.

In this blog, we'll dig into the specifics of NRI mutual fund taxes, offering knowledge and advice to assist NRIs choose investments wisely and maintain tax compliance.


As per the rules of the Foreign Exchange Management Act (FEMA), NRIs may invest in Indian mutual funds. A NRE (Non-resident External) or NRO (Non-resident Ordinary) account has to be opened. After that, they have to adhere to KYC rules. NRIs can invest in mutual funds in India after completing their KYC requirements and having an active bank account.

Due to compliance requirements connected to the Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act (FATCA), some Mutual Fund firms may impose limits on NRIs from the USA and Canada. However, under certain restrictions and through offline transactions, certain fund firms allow these NRIs to invest.

When the value of the rupee increases in relation to the currency of their home country, NRIs can also profit from possible currency appreciation, which will boost their earnings.

The Tax Repercussions

• Tax Deducted at Source (TDS)

When redeeming mutual funds, NRIs are liable to Tax Deducted at Source (TDS), with the exact TDS rate depending on the scheme type (equity or non-equity) and time spent holding the funds.

• Short Term Capital Gains: Gains from the selling of a mutual fund with a one-year or shorter holding term.

• Long Term Capital Gains: Gains from the selling of a mutual fund that has been held for longer than a year.

Particulars TDS on Income under IDCW TDS on STCG TDS on LTCG
Equity Mutual Funds 20% 15% 10%
Other than Equity Oriented Fund 20% 30% Listed - 20% with indexation
      Unlisted - 10% without indexation

• Capital Gains Tax

The kind of scheme and holding term affect the tax rate for capital gains on mutual funds.

1. For Equity Mutual Funds: If you sell them within a year, you'll pay a 15% tax on the profits. If you hold them for more than a year and your gains exceed Rs. 1 lakh, you'll pay a 10% tax on the extra money you made, without getting any indexation benefit.

2. For Other Mutual Funds: The tax you pay depends on your overall income tax bracket. If these mutual funds are listed, you'll pay a 20% tax with the benefit of indexation. If they are unlisted, you'll pay a 10% tax on your profits without the benefit of indexation.

When filing taxes, NRIs who pay larger TDS than their lower tax band may be eligible for a refund. If an NRI's tax slab is lower than the original income tax rate deducted via TDS, they may be able to recoup the additional tax through refunds.

Return of Income Taxes

If an NRI's entire income consists solely of investment income or long-term capital gains after the proper TDS deductions, they are not obliged to file a return of income.

When submitting returns, you are entitled to a refund of the TDS deduction if your income is in a lower tax bracket.

Dividend taxation

Dividends from both equity and non-equity dividend plans will be treated as income for the year and taxed at the appropriate tax slab rate.

The Benefits

NRIs investing in Mutual Funds in India can benefit from the Double Taxation Avoidance Agreement (DTAA), which prevents double taxation and allows them to offset taxes paid in India against their tax liability in their home country. Additionally, they can enjoy tax deductions of up to ₹ 1,50,000 under Section 80C by investing in Equity Linked Saving Schemes (ELSS).


Knowing how taxes work for NRIs investing in Indian mutual funds is vital for smart investing and following tax rules. Keeping up with DTAA rules helps maximize returns and meet tax obligations, ensuring confidence and better financial results.

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About the Author

Tanushree is a seasoned professional with 6 years of experience in the Fintech and Edtech industry.


Investment/Trading in securities Market is subject to market risk, past performance is not a guarantee of future performance. The risk of loss in trading and investment in Securities markets including Equites and Derivatives can be substantial.
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