Online Trading
by 5paisa Research Team Last Updated: 2023-07-13T12:43:32+05:30
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Supply and demand are the fundamental driving factors in any trade, and the share market is no exception. The delicate balance between supply and demand not only determines the price and availability of securities but also reflects the collective desire to own them. To navigate this dynamic landscape, traders turn to the concept of supply demand zone, which provides vital insights into market trends and potential price movements. 

In this blog, we will explore the intricacies of trading supply and demand zones, delve into the significance of supply demand trading, and uncover effective strategies to unlock the profit potential they hold.

Supply and Demand Zone

Supply and demand zones are specific price levels in financial markets where there are lots of pending orders. Banks and other financial institutions use complex algorithms to find these important areas where the forces of supply and demand intersect. 

The supply zone represents a price level where traders tend to sell their assets. It is located on top of the current market price, indicating a high potential for selling activity. When the price reaches this zone, outstanding sell orders are fulfilled, resulting in a downward price movement. The diagram below illustrates the concept of a supply zone.


As depicted in the diagram, the price reaches a particular zone and remains there temporarily before declining. This pattern repeats until all unfilled sell orders are executed.

Conversely, a demand zone pertains to a price level at which traders typically engage in buying. It is situated below the current market price, indicating a significant interest in purchasing. The demand zone attracts numerous buyers due to the presence of multiple buy orders at that level. To grasp the concept of a demand zone more comprehensively, refer to the diagram below.

In the chart, you can observe a swift upward movement. This occurs because when the price rallies up from the demand zone, some buy orders are fulfilled, while the remaining unfilled orders are absorbed.


Laws of Supply and Demand Trading

Supply and demand trading operates based on fundamental laws that govern all financial markets. These laws are summarised as follows:

1.    Law of Demand

The Law of Demand highlights the inverse relationship between the price of a product and the demand for it. According to this law, as the price of an item increases, the demand for it decreases. Conversely, when the price decreases, the demand rises as buyers are more inclined to purchase at lower prices. This law emphasises the crucial role price plays in shaping buyer behaviour and market demand.

2.    Law of Supply

The Law of Supply elucidates the connection between the price of a product and the quantity supplied by sellers. As per this law, when the price of a product rises, the supply of that product increases. Sellers are motivated to supply more at higher prices to maximise their potential profits. Conversely, when the price decreases, sellers are less inclined to supply the product, resulting in a decrease in supply. This law sheds light on how price influences the decisions of sellers and impacts the availability of goods in the market.

Different Types of Supply and Demand Formations

Supply demand zone formations can be categorised into different types, including reversal patterns and continuation patterns.

●    Reversal Patterns

Reversal patterns indicate a change in the price trend, either from upward to downward or vice versa. They are characterised by significant shifts in market sentiment and can present lucrative trading opportunities. The two common types of reversal patterns are:

1.    Down-Base-Rally

This pattern signals a potential reversal from a downtrend to an uptrend, attracting buyers and indicating a shift in market sentiment. The price experiences a drop, followed by a period of consolidation known as the base. Subsequently, the price rallies upward. 

2.    Rally-Base-Drop

This supply and demand trading pattern suggests a potential reversal from an upward trend to a downward trend, drawing in sellers and indicating a change in market sentiment. The price rallies upward, forms a base through consolidation, and then undergoes a notable drop.

●    Continuation Patterns

Continuation patterns indicate that the prevailing price trend is likely to persist. While they represent a temporary pause in the price movement, they imply the resumption of the existing trend. Here are the two common types of continuation patterns:

1.    Drop-Base-Drop

This pattern suggests that the prevailing downtrend is likely to continue, indicating selling pressure in the market. The price exhibits a drop, followed by a base formation, and then continues its downward movement with strength. 

2.    Rally-Base-Rally

This supply and demand trading pattern indicates the continuation of an existing uptrend, reflecting buying pressure and a positive market sentiment. The price rallies upward, forms a base during consolidation, and then continues its upward trajectory. 


When does Supply/Demand break?

Supply and demand levels can eventually break, and this typically occurs under specific circumstances. One common scenario is when a supply demand zone is repeatedly tested or during a strong market move. In such cases, the remaining orders within the zone are gradually triggered and removed, or an overwhelming influx of orders in the opposite direction can break the level.

Price action plays a significant role in determining the potential break of supply and demand zones. If the price lingers near or remains at these zones without experiencing substantial downward movement, it indicates a higher probability of the zone eventually breaking. Similarly, a forceful market move towards the zone can also lead to its break, reflecting the strength of the opposing pressure. Additionally, a low volume test that confirms the presence of the zone can serve as a meaningful indicator of an imminent break.

Understanding the factors that contribute to the break of supply and demand zones is vital for traders. By closely observing price action and volume patterns, traders can assess the likelihood of a zone breaking and adjust their trading strategies accordingly.

How to Use the Concept of Supply and Demand?

The concept of supply and demand zones, when applied effectively, can greatly enhance trading strategies. There are three primary ways to utilise this concept:

1.    Reversal Trading

Reversal trading, centred around supply and demand zones, holds significant potential. By identifying strong market turns and patiently waiting for price to revisit these zones, traders can seize high-probability opportunities. False breakouts from these zones often signal an impending reversal, especially when combined with momentum divergences and fake spikes through the Bollinger Bands.

2.    Support and Resistance

Integrating supply and demand zones with traditional support and resistance levels enhances price analysis. Supply and demand zones frequently align with or sit just below/above support and resistance levels. This understanding provides traders with a clearer picture of market dynamics, enabling them to make informed trading decisions. While support and resistance traders may get trapped in trades, those incorporating supply and demand zones gain an edge.

3.    Stop Loss and Take Profit Placement

Effective placement of stop loss and take profit levels is critical for risk management. Supply and demand zones play a significant role in determining these levels. Placing profit targets ahead of zones safeguards gains, preventing potential losses when the open interest within a zone is filled. To avoid premature stop runs and squeezes, it is advisable to position stop loss orders outside the zones.


Supply and demand trading offers valuable insights into market dynamics and price movements. By effectively identifying and utilising supply and demand zones, traders can make informed decisions, improve timing, and manage risk. Whether it is through reversal trading, support and resistance analysis, or profit placement, incorporating the concept of supply and demand zones enhances trading performance.

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Frequently Asked Questions

The key principles of supply and demand trading revolve around identifying and utilising supply and demand zones. These zones are specific areas on the price chart that signify significant buying or selling pressure. Supply zones indicate areas where sellers dominate, while demand zones represent areas where buyers are in control.

Supply and demand trading takes a comprehensive approach to market analysis, focusing on the interplay between buyers and sellers. Instead of simply identifying support and resistance levels, supply and demand traders analyse the broader price areas where supply exceeds demand or vice versa.

Identifying supply and demand zones requires a keen understanding of market structure and price behaviour. These zones can be recognized by analysing price patterns and levels where significant buying or selling activity has occurred.