by 5paisa Research Team Last Updated: 2023-04-25T10:47:49+05:30
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Fund Flow Statement

The inclusion of inflows and outflows of funds in a statement is known as a funds flow statement. It provides the funding sources and ways in which the money was used at that specific time. As a result, one may investigate the causes of a company's changing financial situation. This will also help investors and analysts determine the company's economic progression.

Funds Flow Statement


What is the Funds Flow Statement Analysis?

Fund flow statement analysis is often used to comprehend changes in a company's financial status. Fund flow statement analysis, like cash flow statement analysis, analyzes financial data such as the company’s income or its balance sheet. Most firms examine their finance and operations using a mix of three major financial statements:

●    Balance Sheet: A balance sheet is the summary of all the assets, liabilities, and capital accounts and their current balances reflecting a certain time.

●    Profit and Loss Statement/Income Statement: The profit and loss or income statement summarise revenue, costs, and profit or loss for a certain period.

●    Cash flow statement: The cash flow statement, which is most comparable to a fund flow statement, evaluates cash intake and outflow for a certain period by examining cash inflow and cash outflow from operating operations, investment activities, and financing activities.

While a single balance sheet can provide information on current assets, liabilities, and equity, it cannot tell you where the funds originated from or how they were spent. One of the most valuable aspects of fund flow analysis and a fund flow statement is how it compares two accounting periods, providing precise information on the changes that occur between the current year and the prior year.

How is a Funds Flow Statement Prepared?

To create a fund flow statement, follow the steps below:

Step 1

Create a Working Capital Changes Schedule: Take into account the change in current assets and current liabilities. The determination of the net growth or reduction in working capital is via the difference between net current assets and net current liabilities.

Work Capital Increase: A rise in working capital occurs when the long-term supply of cash exceeds the application or use of funds. Because a firm can utilize this money to meet its working capital requirements. Short-term loans or dividends, for example, can be paid. As an outcome, a rise in working capital will be shown in the Fund Flow Statement under 'Application of Funds.'

Work Capital Decrease: A corporation may require additional finances but only has a limited long-term supply of funds. In such cases, the corporation will use the available money for working capital. As a result, the amount of money accessible for working capital is reduced. As a result, a drop in working capital will be shown in the 'Source of Funds' section of the Funds Flow Statement.

Now we'll look at the structure of the "statement of change in working capital." through the fund flow statement example





Changes in the Working Capital

Statement of changes in working capital

31.03.2020(in $)

31.03.2019(in $)

Increase (in $)

Decrease (in $)

Current Assets:


Cash and Bank balances










Trade Receivables





Prepaid Expenses





Total Current Assets (A)





Current Liabilities:


Accounts Payable





Outstanding Expenses






Step 2

Prepare the Adjusted Profit and Loss Account to determine Funds from Operations.

Following the preparation of the statement of change in working capital, you should now compile a report of money from operations:

●    Take the profit/loss from the profit & loss account in this statement. However, carefully adjust profit/loss. 
●    On an accrual basis, you create profit and loss statements. However, non-cash expenditures like depreciation, bad loans, and any expenditures written off are also taken into account to determine the real profit or loss. 
●    Add back or subtract, as appropriate, those non-cash costs to arrive at the cash profit/loss.
●    Estimating a $20,000 profit for the current year in the style below. Then you discovered non-cash items that were deducted in profit and loss a/c, totalling $3,230, which has now been added to the current year's earnings. As a result, the present profit has been lowered by $120 due to a non-operating item added to the profit and loss account.
●    After adding and subtracting non-cash or non-operating elements, you will arrive at the point when money flows from operations may be calculated, which is $23,110.


Amount (In $)

Amount (In $)

Current Year Profit/(Loss)(A)








Expenses Written Off



Bad Loans written off



Proposed Dividend



Provision for Income Tax



Total (B)





Accrued Interest on fixed Deposits






Fund From Operations (A+B-C)




Step 3

To generate a fund flow statement, you must first identify the sources of funds (inflows) and the uses of funds (outflows). To produce a money flow statement, identify the source of funds or the application of funds (growing or decreasing) from the balance sheet. In addition, net gain or reduction.

Finally, create a fund flow statement.

●    This declaration will reveal the sources and uses of funds.
●    In the above example, you can observe that working capital increases are $6,500 (regarded as applications of money), and the capital from an operation is $23,110. (considered a source of funds).
●    Assume that you have issued $5,000 in market share capital (considered a source of funds). The funds arranged are utilized to increase working capital and acquire fixed assets.

Statement of Sources and Application of Funds

Current Year

Sources of Fund


Fund Generated from Operating Activities


Proceeds from issue of Share Capital


Total Source of Funds


Application of Fund


Purchase of Fixed Assets


Increase in Working Capital


Total Application of Funds



Importance of a Funds Flow Statement

The fund flow statement definition helps in the following: 

    Financial Status: A profit and loss report or balance sheet does not illustrate why a company's financial position has changed. The fund flow statement will include information on where the funds came from (Source of Monies) and where the funds were spent (Application of Funds).

●    Company Analysis: Profitable businesses are frequently caught in a liquidity pinch. In such cases, the fund flow statement provides a detailed overview of the source and utilization of cash.

●    Management: They use the fund flow statement to determine its future action plan and act as a tool for management control.

●    Changes in Assets and Liabilities: The fund flow statement explains why assets and liabilities changed between two balance sheet dates. As a consequence, you may undertake a thorough examination of the balance sheet.

●    Creditworthiness: Lending institutions examine a company's creditworthiness using this statement. Before authorizing a loan, they evaluate the statement over time. As a result, the fund flow statement reflects a company's trustworthiness in fund management.

Uses of funds flow Statement

The fund’s flow statement is important for conducting long-term analysis. It is a highly valuable instrument in the hands of management for assessing the Company's financial and operational performance. 

The Balance Sheet and Profit and Loss A/c (Income Statement) do not give the information that the Funds Flow Statement does, namely, changes in an enterprise's financial position. Such an examination is extremely beneficial to management, shareholders, creditors, and others.

1. As per the Fund Flow Statement meaning, it can help address the following questions:
●    What happened to the profits?
●    Why is there a mismatch between an enterprise's liquidity position and profitability situation?
●    Why is the company financially stable despite losses?

2. The Funds Flow Statement analysis assists management in determining if working capital has been efficiently utilized and whether the working capital level is appropriate or insufficient for the business's needs. The Working Capital Status assists management in making policy decisions such as dividend payments, etc.

3. The Funds Flow Statement Analysis assists investors in determining if the funds have been correctly managed by the organization. It also reflects a firm's creditworthiness, which helps lenders determine whether or not to give money to the company. It assists management in making policy decisions and determining future funding and capital expenditure programs.

Limitations of Funds Flow Statement

Despite its significance in understanding a firm's financial status, the statement has two major drawbacks:

●    The declaration is solely concerned with transferring funds. It does not take into account other characteristics from the Balance Sheet and Profit and Loss Account. As a result, it must be examined alongside the Balance Sheet and Profit and Loss Account.
●    The fund’s flow statement does not show a company's cash situation. As a result, a different cash flow statement must be prepared to analyze the cash situation.


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