Stock in Action – GSFC Ltd

Stock in Action – GSFC Ltd
Stock in Action – GSFC Ltd

by Tanushree Jaiswal Last Updated: Jan 09, 2024 - 05:14 pm 422 Views
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Movement of the Day


1. During the breakout, volume activity rose, suggesting a surge in market involvement. A strong uptrend in the stock is indicated by the fact that it is holding above important averages of the 20, 50, 100, & 200-day Simple Moving Average (SMA). With a bullish mode & a hold above its reference line, the weekly strength indicator RSI is showing positive bias.
2. Gujarat State Fertilizers & Chemicals has displayed flashback, retreating to the prior breakout level. The stock price is above every significant moving average, signifying a positive trend across all time periods.
3. On the daily charts, oscillators & indicators such as the RSI (relative strength index) &  DMI (directional movement index) have become positive. Volumes surge in tandem with price breakthrough. The fertilizer industry has begun to outperform.

Probable Rationale Behind the Stock Surge

Financial Performance & Earnings Growth

Gujarat State Fertilizers & Chemicals (GSFC) has witnessed a remarkable 70% surge in its stock over the past three months, prompting an investigation into the underlying factors driving this growth. Despite a relatively low Return on Equity (ROE) of 8.6%, the company demonstrated an exceptional 38% net income growth over the past five years. This divergence suggests that while the ROE may be below the industry average, GSFC's strategic decisions or a potentially low payout ratio could be positively influencing its earnings.

Strategic Business Decisions & Reinvestment

The company's three-year median payout ratio of 19% indicates that GSFC is retaining a significant portion (81%) of its profits, showcasing a commitment to reinvesting heavily in its business. The consistent dividend payouts over eight years reflect a dedication to sharing profits with shareholders. The management's focus on reinvestment aligns with its impressive earnings growth, further supporting the idea that strategic decisions are contributing to the company's positive performance.

Industry Outlook & Management’s Optimism

GSFC's core business in producing Caprolactam, a globally accepted product, positions the company well in the market. Management, particularly Nanavaty, expressed optimism about pricing trends in the industry, expecting Caprolactam Benzene spreads to remain within a favorable range. Additionally, there is anticipation of substantial volume growth in the fertilizer segment, ranging from 15-20%. Nanavaty highlighted government policies supporting the industry through increased subsidies, although a decline in subsidies with falling input prices has been observed. Despite these shifts, the overall outlook for fertilizer margins remains optimistic.

Cautionary Factors & Earnings Expectations

While GSFC's stock has shown a robust 26% gain in the last 30 days & an impressive 58% annual gain, caution is warranted. The company's price-to-earnings (P/E) ratio is at 8.8x, lower than the market average. However, the P/E ratio is influenced by a forecast of shrinking earnings, with a predicted 8.1% annual contraction over the next three years, in stark contrast to the market's expected 19% growth. The recent 9.2% decrease in earnings over the last year raises concerns, emphasizing the importance of assessing the company's ability to reverse this trend.

Return on Capital Employed (ROCE) Trends

Analyzing GSFC's ROCE trends reveals a relatively flat performance around 6.8% over the past five years. Despite deploying 64% more capital into its operations during this period, the returns on that capital have not seen a significant increase. However, a positive aspect is the reduction in current liabilities to 11% of total assets, indicating a potential risk mitigation strategy. The stagnant ROCE may prompt investors to cautiously evaluate the company's future capital utilization efficiency.

Shareholding Pattern



As on 30-6-23 As of 30-09-23 Change
Promotors 37.84% 37.84% 0%
FII/FPI 20.545 20.69% 0.15%
DII & Others 2.15% 2.68% 0.53%

Financial Performance


1. In the fiscal year 2023-24, the company experienced a notable increase in operating revenue, reaching 1,775 Mn compared to the previous year's Q2 revenue of 1,245 million. This growth was primarily attributed to a rise in subsidy income, which increased from 1,160 Mn to 1,242 Mn during the same period. 
2. The total revenue for H1 also witnessed a significant uptick, reaching 2,961 million, surpassing the previous year's performance at 2,709 million.
3. However, the operating EBIDTA showed a slight decline in Q2 from 395 Mn to 215 million, reflecting increased operational costs or reduced operating efficiency. Despite this, the Profit Before Tax (PBT) increased from 418 Mn to 363 million, & the Profit After Tax (PAT) rose from 289 Mn to 285 Mn in the corresponding quarters. 
4. The Earnings Per Share (EPS) also demonstrated positive movement, reaching 7.14 in Q2, compared to the previous year's 7.26. 
5. Overall, these financial indicators suggest a mixed performance, with revenue growth but potential operational challenges affecting EBIDTA. Further analysis may be required to understand the underlying factors contributing to these financial movements.


While GSFC has delivered substantial gains to shareholders, driven by strategic decisions, reinvestment, & positive industry trends, caution is advised due to looming challenges. The forecasted earnings contraction & stagnant ROCE trends may hinder the company's sustained growth. Investors should carefully weigh these factors before making investment decisions. Additionally, two identified warning signs underscore the need for vigilance & a thorough understanding of the associated risks.

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About the Author

Tanushree is a seasoned professional with 6 years of experience in the Fintech and Edtech industry.


Investment/Trading in securities Market is subject to market risk, past performance is not a guarantee of future performance. The risk of loss in trading and investment in Securities markets including Equites and Derivatives can be substantial.
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