Long Iron Butterfly Options Strategy

Nilesh Jain

17 Apr 2017

New Page 1

A Long Iron Butterfly is implemented when an investor is expecting volatility in the underlying assets. This strategy is initiated to capture the movement outside the wings of options at expiration. It is a limited risk and a limited reward strategy. A Long Iron Butterfly could also be considered as a combination of bull call spread and bear put spread.

When to initiate a Long Iron Butterfly

A Long Iron Butterfly spread is best to use when you expect the underlying assets to move sharply higher or lower but you are uncertain about direction. Also, when the implied volatility of the underlying assets falls unexpectedly and you expect volatility to shoot up, then you can apply Long Iron Butterfly strategy.

How to construct a Long Iron Butterfly?

A Long Iron Butterfly can be created by buying 1 ATM call, Selling 1 OTM call, buying 1 ATM put and selling 1 OTM put of the same underlying security with the same expiry. Strike price can be customized as per the convenience of the trader; however, the upper and lower strike must be equidistant from the middle strike.

Strategy

Buy 1 ATM Call, Sell 1 OTM Call, Buy 1 ATM Put and Sell 1 OTM Put

Market Outlook

Movement above the highest or lowest strike

Motive

Profit from movement in either direction

Upper Breakeven

Long Option (Middle) Strike price + Net Premium Paid

Lower Breakeven

Long Option (Middle) Strike price - Net Premium Paid

Risk

Limited to Net Premium Paid

Reward

Higher strike-middle strike-net premium paid

Margin required

Yes

Let’s try to understand with an example:

Nifty Current spot price (Rs)

9200

Buy 1 ATM call of strike price (Rs)

9200

Premium paid (Rs)

70

Sell 1 OTM call of strike price (Rs)

9300

Premium received (Rs)

30

Buy 1 ATM put of strike price (Rs)

9200

Premium paid (Rs)

105

Sell 1 OTM put of strike price (Rs)

9100

Premium received (Rs)

65

Upper breakeven

9280

Lower breakeven

9120

Lot Size

75

Net Premium Paid (Rs)

80

Suppose Nifty is trading at 9200. An investor Mr A thinks that Nifty will move drastically in either direction, below lower strike or above higher strike by expiration. So he enters a Long Iron Butterfly by buying a 9200 call strike price at Rs 70, selling 9300 call for Rs 30 and simultaneously buying 9200 put for Rs 105, selling 9100 put for Rs 65. The net premium paid to initiate this trade is Rs 80, which is also the maximum possible loss.

This strategy is initiated with a view of movement in the underlying security outside the wings of higher and lower strike price in Nifty. Maximum profit from the above example would be Rs 1500 (20*75). Maximum loss will also be limited up to Rs 6000 (80*75).

For the ease of understanding of the payoff, we did not take in to account commission charges. Following is the payoff chart and payoff schedule assuming different scenarios of expiry.

The Payoff chart:

The Payoff Schedule:


On Expiry NIFTY closes at

Net Payoff from 1 ITM Call Bought (Rs) 9200

Net Payoff from 1 OTM Call Sold (Rs) 9300

Net Payoff from 1 ATM Put bought (Rs) 9200

Net Payoff from 1 OTM Put sold (Rs.) 9100

Net Payoff (Rs)

8800

-70

30

295

-235

20

8900

-70

30

195

-135

20

9000

-70

30

95

-35

20

9100

-70

30

-5

65

20

9120

-70

30

-25

65

0

9200

-70

30

-105

65

-80

9280

10

30

-105

65

0

9300

30

30

-105

65

20

9400

130

-70

-105

65

20

9500

230

-170

-105

65

20

9600

330

-270

-105

65

20

Impact of Options Greeks before expiry:

Delta: The net Delta of a Long Iron Butterfly spread remains close to zero if underlying assets remain at middle strike. Delta will move towards 1 if underlying expires above higher strike price and Delta will move towards -1 if underlying expires below the lower strike price.

Vega: Long Iron Butterfly has a positive Vega. Therefore, one should buy Long Iron Butterfly spread when the volatility is low and expect to rise.

Theta: With the passage of time, if other factors remain same, Theta will have a negative impact on the strategy.

Gamma: This strategy will have a long Gamma position, so the change in underline assets will have a positive impact on the strategy.

How to manage Risk?

A Long Iron Butterfly is exposed to limited risk but risk involved is higher than the net reward from the strategy, one can keep stop loss to further limit the losses.

Analysis of Long Iron Butterfly strategy:

A Long Iron Butterfly spread is best to use when you are confident that an underlying security will move significantly. Another way by which this strategy can give profit is when there is an increase in implied volatility. However, this strategy should be used by advanced traders as the risk to reward ratio is high.

Have Referral Code?

Similar articles

  • Responses
  • Patidar Samaj

    - 2 hrs ago

    This article claims RJio was given a "Backdoor Entry" into the 4G Based Voice Routing. The peculiar aspect is without the Voice License, Rjio would have been a mere ISP. With the license, it is now a holistic communications service provider, with ability to exponentially scale the bouquet of products. The events indicate it was meticulously planned way before the auctions because the auctions were clear on the agenda: 4G for internet only.

Load More
mutual-fund

Why to Choose Mutual Funds Instead of Directly Investing Into Equities?

Whether to invest in equities or mutual funds is a question that has plagued every investor. As someone who needs the best value for his/her investment should you invest in equity directly or via mutual funds?

Let’s start by first understanding what these two terms ‘equities’ and ‘mutual funds’ stand for-

Equities- Equities generally represent ownership of a company. If you own any equity in a company, you are a part owner of the said company (depending on how much equity you own).

Mutual Funds – It is an investment scheme which is professionally managed by an asset management company. It pools together the resources of a group of people and invests their money in equities, debentures, bonds and other securities.

Why choose mutual funds over equities?

For people who’ve never invested in either stocks or mutual funds, it is hard to know which is better and where to start. Broadly speaking, if you are a novice investor, mutual funds are not only less risky but also way easier to manage. Here are some ways in which investing in mutual funds is beneficial as opposed to investing in equities -

Diversification

Mutual funds provide more diversification as compared to an individual equity stock. When you invest in equity, you are investing in a single company which has its inherent risk. For example, if you invest Rs.20,000 in buying equities of one company, you could face a total loss if that particular company performs poorly in the market.  

If you invest the same amount in mutual funds, it will be invested in different kinds of stocks and financial instruments, high-risk and low-risk both, so you might not face total loss even if one company does poorly.

Scale of Investment and Lower Costs

For an individual investor buying and selling stocks is a difficult task due to its high price. Thus, any gains made from stock appreciation are nullified if the overall trading costs are considered. Comparatively with mutual funds, as the money is pooled from a large number of investors, the cost per individual is lowered.  

Another advantage of mutual funds is that you don’t need to invest large sums of money. Buying equities for a profitable venture needs huge amounts of money, a minimum of few lakhs. With mutual funds, you can start with Rs.1000 and earn profits on that as well.

Convenience

Keeping an eye on the markets everyday is a time-consuming business, especially if you are investing as a side gig. There are people who spend their lives studying the market and still end up sustaining heavy losses. Though investing in mutual funds does not guarantee high returns, it is stress-free and needs less work as compared to investing in equities.

To sum it up

It is important to remember that mutual funds have their own disadvantages as well. Thus, as with any financial decision, educating yourself and understanding the suitability of all the available options is the ideal way to invest. 


Banner

Long Iron Butterfly Options Strategy

Nilesh Jain

17 Apr 2017

New Page 1

A Long Iron Butterfly is implemented when an investor is expecting volatility in the underlying assets. This strategy is initiated to capture the movement outside the wings of options at expiration. It is a limited risk and a limited reward strategy. A Long Iron Butterfly could also be considered as a combination of bull call spread and bear put spread.

When to initiate a Long Iron Butterfly

A Long Iron Butterfly spread is best to use when you expect the underlying assets to move sharply higher or lower but you are uncertain about direction. Also, when the implied volatility of the underlying assets falls unexpectedly and you expect volatility to shoot up, then you can apply Long Iron Butterfly strategy.

How to construct a Long Iron Butterfly?

A Long Iron Butterfly can be created by buying 1 ATM call, Selling 1 OTM call, buying 1 ATM put and selling 1 OTM put of the same underlying security with the same expiry. Strike price can be customized as per the convenience of the trader; however, the upper and lower strike must be equidistant from the middle strike.

Strategy

Buy 1 ATM Call, Sell 1 OTM Call, Buy 1 ATM Put and Sell 1 OTM Put

Market Outlook

Movement above the highest or lowest strike

Motive

Profit from movement in either direction

Upper Breakeven

Long Option (Middle) Strike price + Net Premium Paid

Lower Breakeven

Long Option (Middle) Strike price - Net Premium Paid

Risk

Limited to Net Premium Paid

Reward

Higher strike-middle strike-net premium paid

Margin required

Yes

Let’s try to understand with an example:

Nifty Current spot price (Rs)

9200

Buy 1 ATM call of strike price (Rs)

9200

Premium paid (Rs)

70

Sell 1 OTM call of strike price (Rs)

9300

Premium received (Rs)

30

Buy 1 ATM put of strike price (Rs)

9200

Premium paid (Rs)

105

Sell 1 OTM put of strike price (Rs)

9100

Premium received (Rs)

65

Upper breakeven

9280

Lower breakeven

9120

Lot Size

75

Net Premium Paid (Rs)

80

Suppose Nifty is trading at 9200. An investor Mr A thinks that Nifty will move drastically in either direction, below lower strike or above higher strike by expiration. So he enters a Long Iron Butterfly by buying a 9200 call strike price at Rs 70, selling 9300 call for Rs 30 and simultaneously buying 9200 put for Rs 105, selling 9100 put for Rs 65. The net premium paid to initiate this trade is Rs 80, which is also the maximum possible loss.

This strategy is initiated with a view of movement in the underlying security outside the wings of higher and lower strike price in Nifty. Maximum profit from the above example would be Rs 1500 (20*75). Maximum loss will also be limited up to Rs 6000 (80*75).

For the ease of understanding of the payoff, we did not take in to account commission charges. Following is the payoff chart and payoff schedule assuming different scenarios of expiry.

The Payoff chart:

The Payoff Schedule:


On Expiry NIFTY closes at

Net Payoff from 1 ITM Call Bought (Rs) 9200

Net Payoff from 1 OTM Call Sold (Rs) 9300

Net Payoff from 1 ATM Put bought (Rs) 9200

Net Payoff from 1 OTM Put sold (Rs.) 9100

Net Payoff (Rs)

8800

-70

30

295

-235

20

8900

-70

30

195

-135

20

9000

-70

30

95

-35

20

9100

-70

30

-5

65

20

9120

-70

30

-25

65

0

9200

-70

30

-105

65

-80

9280

10

30

-105

65

0

9300

30

30

-105

65

20

9400

130

-70

-105

65

20

9500

230

-170

-105

65

20

9600

330

-270

-105

65

20

Impact of Options Greeks before expiry:

Delta: The net Delta of a Long Iron Butterfly spread remains close to zero if underlying assets remain at middle strike. Delta will move towards 1 if underlying expires above higher strike price and Delta will move towards -1 if underlying expires below the lower strike price.

Vega: Long Iron Butterfly has a positive Vega. Therefore, one should buy Long Iron Butterfly spread when the volatility is low and expect to rise.

Theta: With the passage of time, if other factors remain same, Theta will have a negative impact on the strategy.

Gamma: This strategy will have a long Gamma position, so the change in underline assets will have a positive impact on the strategy.

How to manage Risk?

A Long Iron Butterfly is exposed to limited risk but risk involved is higher than the net reward from the strategy, one can keep stop loss to further limit the losses.

Analysis of Long Iron Butterfly strategy:

A Long Iron Butterfly spread is best to use when you are confident that an underlying security will move significantly. Another way by which this strategy can give profit is when there is an increase in implied volatility. However, this strategy should be used by advanced traders as the risk to reward ratio is high.

Have Referral Code?