Stock / Share Market
by 5paisa Research Team Last Updated: 2023-08-22T16:02:55+05:30
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The equity market platform enables companies to raise any funds from different investors. Therefore, a business issues stocks that traders or investors buy to make money from the stock's future sales. Equities are traded on India's Metropolitan Stock Exchange, Bombay Stock Exchange, and National Stock Exchange. Companies are listed on these exchanges, and investors can buy or sell shares of these firms. 

Spot/cash trading and futures trading are India's two types of stock trading. Stocks are available for quick delivery on the public financial market during spot/cash equity trading. In contrast, stocks are exchanged in the future market at a predetermined date in the future. Read on to learn more about what is equity market, its benefits and more.

What is 'Growth' in Equity Market?

The companies whose shares/stocks are traded on the equity market exhibit growth. Investors frequently invest in "growth" stocks issued by small businesses with the potential to grow at a high rate. Investors are willing to place significant bids for growth equities in the live equity market, whether in India or the global equity market. Investors now use online equities trading to gather growth stocks to sell them at very low prices in the future.

How Do Equity Markets Work?

It is essential to invest money in the appropriate place to create wealth. One of the best options is the stock market which rewards investors with a high return over the years. Nevertheless, if you want to make such a return, knowing how an equity market works is equally important.
Investors can trade bonds, shares, and derivatives on the stock market. Stock exchanges support this trade. It works as a marketplace and platform that links buyers and vendors. The Securities Exchange Board of India, the stock exchange, stockbrokers and brokerages, investors, and traders are the four main players in the Indian stock market.
Similar to a real estate auction, when buyers and sellers submit varying bids to the deal, the equities market also works this way. The home in this scenario is an equity market and the shares of the publicly traded corporations. These shares are available for purchase through an IPO on either the primary or secondary markets. Stock exchanges and other financial institutions control and maintain the stock market.
After they are listed on stock exchanges, the shares of stock that firms issue can be traded in the secondary market. The buying and selling of these stocks listed on the exchanges are handled by stockbrokers and brokerage firms, which act as a middleman between investors and the stock market.
Your broker sends your buy order for shares to the stock exchange. The stock exchange searches for a sell order for the same share. After a buyer and a seller are found, a price is agreed upon to finalize the transaction. The stock market will inform your broker that your order has been verified.

What are the Timings of the Equity market?

The equity market operates from Monday to Friday, i.e., five days a week. The regular trading hours of the equities markets are from 9:15 AM through 3:30 PM every day. The equities market also permits pre-opening and post-closing trading sessions. The pre-and post-session trade volumes are much lower than regular trading hours. Several brokers give their clients a choice to trade before or after regular trading hours, but with limited orders and volumes. Unlike traditional physical share certificates, the shares are kept in an electronic format in a demat account.

What are Equity Trading Holidays?

The stock market is open daily, excluding weekends, as previously noted. Also, there are several public holidays on which the stock market is closed for trading; you may see a list of these holidays on the official website.

What is the Difference Between Stock and Equity?

It may not surprise that equity and stocks are frequently used synonymously in stock market jargon, as both terms refer to ownership interests in a corporation. These names aren't nearly the same thing due to certain technical distinctions. Now that you know the equity market meaning, the following are some fundamental distinctions between equity markets and stock markets:

●      Stock trades do not always need to register equity. A value or equity must be listed on at least one of the stock exchanges for it to be referred to as stock.
●      When determining an organization's valuation through an acquisition, merger, or amalgamation, the equity value is not considered. The stock value is considered when determining an organization's valuation through an acquisition, merger, or amalgamation.
●      The company's balance sheet discloses the equity value. The value of stocks is not disclosed in an organization's balance sheet.
●      The organisation's book value is determined by how many values the core of each value duplicates. The market valuation of the organisation is determined by multiplying or increasing the number of stocks by the stock price.
●      Since stock is not traded, there is no supply and demand. Hence the price does not fluctuate. Stock costs change continuously depending on the stock's availability and demand.
●      The collaboration of the entire population is not a factor in values or equity. Stocks comprise the general level of public interest.
●      On stock exchanges, values or equity are not traded. The value of equity shares traded on stock exchanges or stock markets is called stocks.

What is Equity in NSE?

On November 3, 1994, NSE began trading in the equity market (Capital Market segment), and within a year, it had grown to become the largest stock exchange in India in terms of volumes traded. According to the World Federation of Exchange (WFE) Report - 2019, the NSE is the third-largest stock exchange in the world in terms of the volume of equities trading.
In-depth information about the listing of securities, clearing and settlement, trading systems and processes, risk management, number of trades, traded volumes, market capitalization, companies listed, etc., is provided in the Equities section of the NSE. It also offers real-time quotes and other statistics on the equities market.

How Can You Trade in Equity?

To begin trading stocks, follow these steps carefully:

1.  Open a Demat Account

Open a Demat account before trading or investing in the stock market. The securities you buy are kept in this account electronically.

2.  Understand Stock Prices

A stock market's price often fluctuates as a result of several causes. It might be simple to enter or leave a transaction immediately once you know the elements that affect stock prices.

3.  Gain Fundamental and Technical Knowledge of a Stock

You may better comprehend a stock's intrinsic value using fundamental analysis. While analysing a company's fundamentals, there are several things to consider, including assets, profits, liabilities, etc. A stock's technical analysis may also help you in forecasting future price alterations.

4.  Set a Stop Loss

Since stock values fluctuate quickly, you might lose everything if you make a terrible deal. Yet, you must establish a stop loss to prevent suffering a big loss. The price at which you will sell the shares is the stop loss price. You may lessen your loss by doing this.

How Can You Do Equity Trading Online?

There are four simple steps to start online equity trading:

1.    Find a stockbroker

Finding the ideal stock broker for you is the first step. You have the opportunity to open a demat and trading account through stockbrokers. A demat account's function is to hold shares electronically, whereas a trading account's function is to facilitate the buying and selling of shares on the stock exchange market. Check the Demat and trading account opening fees and the Demat yearly maintenance fees before picking a stockbroker (AMC).

2.    Open demat and trading account

Creating a demat and trading account in the internet era is a very easy process. You can open an account within a few minutes.

3.    Login to your demat and trading account and add money

You can access your demat and trading accounts after receiving your login information. The next step includes adding money to your trading and demat accounts.

4.    View stock details and start trading

After logging into your demat and trading accounts, you may now explore the stock market. Analyse several stocks, use charts and other trading tools to evaluate their pricing, patterns, and price movements, then select the stock you wish to trade followed by submitting an order.

Factors to Consider Before Trading in Equity

Many traders and investors are looking to make a good deal on the stock share market, both in India's equities market or Asian equity market. There may occasionally be too much information to digest. Also, there are several varieties of equities markets. So, setting specific ground rules before engaging in equities trading is usually a smart idea.

     Never trade in today's equity market emotionally- It is good to follow the current trend. Try not to place completely contrarian bets if you are not certain of them. If you go against the flow, it will only raise the danger factor.
●      Sell high but buy low- Try purchasing equities now selling at a low level and with attractive valuations. When purchasing these equities, you may profit from the next upward movement of the equity.
●      Think on a long-term basis- No one can foresee what will happen to the equity market anytime soon. So, it's crucial to approach your transactions with a long-term vision.
●      Know-how about intraday trading- Learn the ways to perform intraday trading to get better results with your investments and trades before you go on the stock market bandwagon by listening to odd ideas.
●      A Rs 1000 stock isn’t expensive, but also a Rs 10 stock isn’t cheap- Many investors approach equities investment similarly to how they shop for groceries or clothes. People believe a stock priced at Rs 1000 is more expensive than one at Rs 100. To determine precisely what is inexpensive and what is costly use valuations.

What Are the Pros & Cons of Trading in the Equity market?

The pros of trading in the equity market are as follows:

●      You can earn income from dividends

There are always low-risk stocks available that give dividends. Compared to what some other products may offer, the payouts are substantially better.

     Lots of help and advice from reliable sources

Experts constantly share important information on many platforms in the financial industry. This information might simplify investing and increase your profits if you contact the right individuals or read pertinent materials.

●      Trading on equity has long-term growth potential

We are all aware of the benefits and returns that compounding may produce over time. The sum is extremely significant. To anticipate your returns, use a trustworthy calculator and create a sound investing strategy. Adding equities to your portfolio may help diversify it, which is good for a larger portfolio.
The following are the cons of trading in the equity market:

●      Lack of understanding can be costly

In a real equities market scenario, your chances of losing money are great if you conduct poor research or buy subpar stocks. So, you must be cautious.

     The equity market can be volatile

The return on equity investments is not linear. The real equities market experiences upswings and downswings.

●      There is a risk of capital erosion

Trading in equity carries a risk of capital loss.


In conclusion, the equity market continues to give respectable returns despite the risk aspect and offers many advantages against inflation. Knowing the stock market's fundamentals and functions, you can use various equity investments to create a sizable corpus. As a result, you can trade stocks and other assets on the equity markets to achieve your investing goals. Choose a reputable stockbroker who can assist you in making smart investment choices before investing in stocks.

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Frequently Asked Questions

As both stocks and equity are exchanged on stock markets and both indicate ownership in an entity (business), they are the same thing. Equity market definition refers to the ownership of assets after paying off the debt. Traded equity is typically referred to as stock. The kind of equity that symbolises an equity investment is stock. You anticipate dividend returns when you purchase shares. Equity may also refer to shares or stocks.

A fixed deposit gives moderate returns with little to no risk, which is the main difference between it and equity. Conversely, equity investments provide practically limitless rewards, but this opportunity carries a significant drawback or a very high risk. To choose between FD or equity, you must make a wise decision by factoring in various parameters to ensure optimal returns.