Stock / Share Market
by 5paisa Research Team Last Updated: 2023-06-15T12:51:38+05:30
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A stockbroker in a stock market is a person or a company that helps individuals and businesses buy and sell stocks and other securities. They act as middlemen between buyers and sellers. They also give their clients advice and direction. Most people need a bachelor's degree in finance or a related field to pass licensing exams to become stockbrokers. Using a broker in stock market can give you a lot of benefits, such as access to expert financial advice, a wide range of investment options, and the ability to handle complex market conditions with ease.

What is a Stockbroker meaning?

A broker in stock market is a trained person who buys and sells stock to clients in exchange for a commission or other fees. These sales are usually made through banks. Brokers are generally associated with one or more sales agencies but can also be independent representatives. 

A registered representative (RR) or financial adviser is another name for a stockbroker. Most stockbrokers work for brokerage firms and handle trading for individual clients and institutions. Most salespeople are compensated by credit, which can vary from business to business.

What Does a Stock Broker Do?

● The primary responsibility is to execute trades on behalf of clients. They research market trends and analyze investment data to identify investment opportunities. 
● They work with clients to develop personalized financial plans and manage their portfolios. Broker in stock exchange also provide clients with up-to-date financial information and advice on current market conditions. 
● They need to stay abreast of changes in the legal and financial landscape to serve their clients better.

What is the History of Stock Brokerage?

Share brokering became an established profession in Rome in the second century BC. But after the Roman Empire fell, these occupations remained outmoded until the European Renaissance. Government bond trading was placed sparsely and sporadically in a few Italian cities, including Venice and Genoa.

The first publicly traded firm equities were not made available until 1602 when the Dutch East India Company did so through the Amsterdam Stock Exchange. The profession of stockbroking flourished due to the Dutch Empire's indoctrination of the law of private property rights.

The London Stock Exchange was established around the end of the 17th century, while the New York Stock Exchange was launched nearly a century later, in 1792. In 1875, the Bombay Stock Exchange became the first stock market in Asia and India.

Educational Requirements for Stockbrokers

Becoming a broker in stock market requires a solid academic foundation such as:
● A bachelor's degree in finance, economics, or a related field is a must. Some firms may also need a master's degree. 
● Coursework should include investments, accounting, and financial planning. Additionally, on-the-job training is necessary to learn the employer's specific products and services. 
● Advanced degrees and specialized certifications, such as the Chartered Financial Analyst (CFA) designation, can enhance job prospects and earnings potential. 
● As the financial industry becomes more complex and sophisticated, stockbrokers must stay informed about new products, regulations, and market trends, making education and ongoing learning an essential part of their career development.

Licensing Requirements for Stockbrokers

Licensing is crucial for anyone looking to become a broker in stock market. To obtain licensure:
● You must pass the Series 7 and Series 63 exams covering securities laws, ethical practices, and investment products. 
● Some states may also require additional licensing. Continuing education is necessary to maintain licensure and stay up-to-date on industry changes. 
● The licensing process ensures that stockbrokers have the knowledge and skills to serve their clients ethically and effectively. With proper licensure, stockbrokers can legally buy or sell securities on behalf of clients, making it a fundamental requirement for this career path.

What are the Different Types of Share Market Brokers?

Different types of share market brokers offer various products and services to their clients. Every kind of broker has advantages and disadvantages, and it's essential to understand the differences before choosing one to handle your investments.  
● Traditional or Full-time Brokers: This type of broker in stock exchange provides a wide range of services, including securities trading, investment advice, retirement planning, and portfolio management. While they charge a higher commission, they have extensive knowledge and training and can help you maximize your earning potential and minimize risks. 

● Discount Brokers: Discount or online Stock Brokers are becoming increasingly popular due to their low costs and convenience. They allow investors to make their investments online without personally meeting the broker. However, not all discount brokers offer the same level of expertise as traditional brokers and may not be suitable for those with a high investment corpus. Investors with limited disposable income may find them an excellent option to start investing in the stock market.

What's the difference between a discount and a full-service broker?


Discount Brokers

Full-Service Brokers

Lower fees and commissions

Higher fees and commissions

Limited investment guidance

Personalized investment advice and guidance

Online trading platform

Personalized trading platform

No or limited research and analysis

In-depth research and analysis

Limited or no access to IPOs

Access to IPOs and other exclusive investments

Minimal customer support

Extensive customer support and assistance

Ideal for self-directed investors

Ideal for investors seeking personalized advice and assistance

How much does a stockbroker make?

Stockbrokers' salaries depend on their sales revenue. It means their income can vary widely depending on the work they receive. 

● Freshers may make little money on the job in their first year or two as they work to build their client base and build a reputation for themselves. However, experienced bank traders with a large and loyal customer base can earn higher rewards. 
● According to the Bureau of Labour Statistics, the median annual salary for some financial analysts, including stock salespeople, is $84,300, or $40.53 an hour. 

It's important to note that these figures can vary depending on the specific industry, location, and an individual broker's experience and success. 


In conclusion, Stock Brokers help individuals and companies to enter the stock market. They offer various services, including buying and selling securities, managing portfolios, and providing financial advice. Requires a potent combination of education, licensing, and banking understanding. 

While Stockbrokers' salaries vary depending on their experience and the commission they earn, it can be a promising career for those willing to work to build a solid client base. Working with a securities dealer can also provide investors many benefits, such as expert guidance, access to investment opportunities, and the risk of making poor investment decisions.

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