Stock / Share Market
by 5paisa Research Team Last Updated: 2023-06-20T15:38:28+05:30
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In the fast-paced world of financial markets, where opportunities and risks intertwine, an element of leverage emerges as a game-changer for investors seeking to maximise their potential returns. This phenomenon is margin in the share market.

What is Stock Margin?

Stock margin, also known as margin trading or buying on margin, is a practice in financial markets where investors borrow funds from a brokerage firm to purchase stocks or other securities.

Understanding Stock Margin work

Now that you know what is stock margin, let’s understand how it works. 

Suppose you have ₹10,000 in your brokerage account and want to purchase shares of a particular stock trading at ₹100 per share. With a traditional cash account, you could only buy 100 shares (₹10,000 ÷ ₹100 = 100).

However, with a margin account, your broker may allow you to leverage your funds. If the broker offers a 50% margin requirement, you can borrow up to 50% of the purchase price from the broker. In this case, you could potentially buy 200 shares (₹10,000 ÷ ₹100 = 100, and 100 shares × 2 = 200).

With the borrowed funds, you now own 200 shares of the stock. If the stock price increases to ₹120 per share, your investment value would be ₹24,000 (200 shares × ₹120 = ₹24,000). After repaying the borrowed amount, you would have ₹14,000 (₹24,000 - ₹10,000) remaining, resulting in a ₹4,000 profit. This represents a 40% return on your initial ₹10,000 investment.

However, it's important to note that margin trading involves interest charges. You would need to pay interest on the borrowed funds, typically monthly. Additionally, if the stock price declines instead of increasing, it can magnify your losses. 

If the stock price drops to ₹80 per share, for example, your investment value would be ₹16,000 (200 shares × ₹80 = ₹16,000). After repaying the borrowed amount and accounting for interest charges, you would have less than your initial investment, resulting in a loss.

Advantages of Stock Margin

Stock margin offers investors several advantages, contributing to its popularity and appeal. 

1.    One of the primary benefits of stock margin is the ability to control a larger position in the market than what your available cash alone would allow. This increased buying power enables you to capitalise on more investment opportunities and diversify your portfolio potentially.
2.    If the value of the securities you purchase using margin increases, your profits will be calculated based on the total position value, not just your initial cash investment. This can result in higher percentage gains against trading solely with your capital.
3.    Margin trading provides flexibility to quickly take advantage of market opportunities without waiting for additional funds to be available. 
4.    Stock margin can help investors diversify their portfolios by enabling them to allocate their capital across a broader range of investments. 
5.    Margin accounts allow investors to engage in short-selling, a strategy where they can profit from a decline in the price of a security. Investors can benefit from falling stock prices by borrowing and selling them. 

Points to Remember if you want to try Stock Margin

If you are considering utilising stock margin, remember these crucial points before venturing into this type of trading. 

1.    Assess your risk
2.    Understand different margin requirements like initial margin, maintenance margin, etc.
3.    Be aware of the interest rate applied by your brokerage firm.
4.    Have sufficient funds in your margin account to maintain the minimum threshold.
5.    Price fluctuations can quickly erode the value of your investments, potentially resulting in margin calls or significant losses. Stay informed about market conditions, news, and events that could impact the securities you trade.
6.    Adequate knowledge and research are essential for successful margin trading. Consider seeking advice from financial professionals or experienced traders with expertise in margin trading.


Stock margin trading offers the potential for increased buying power, higher returns, flexibility, and portfolio diversification. It can be an appealing option for investors seeking to maximise their investment opportunities in the dynamic world of financial markets. However, it is essential to approach margin trading cautiously and thoroughly understand the associated risks.

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