What is CPR in Trading?

5paisa Research Team Date: 22 Mar, 2023 12:52 PM IST


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Most of the stock trader's portfolio includes technical analysis. The volume and price changes of these stocks are influenced by several variables, including the supply and demand for the company's shares and general market sentiment, in addition to the fundamental examination of the stock. Different tools and approaches may be used to do such a technical analysis of the stocks.

Reading various charts and interpreting them for taking a lucrative position depended on the stock market movement is one of many such strategies. A popular technique traders use for stock analysis is the central pivot range. This post has entailed more information on what is CPR in trading.

What Do You Mean By Central Pivot Range (CPR) in Trading?

As previously indicated, the Central Pivot Range is among the best tools used for technical analysation. It serves as a useful trading indicator for intraday trading. Traders utilise this Central Pivot Range indicator to pinpoint pivotal price level and place trades appropriately. Trading positions may be taken dependent on the various chart levels. Owing to its adaptability and simplicity of use, it is fairly well-liked among traders. In the chart, the CPR indicator comprises 3 levels. The pivot points at the top and bottom of these levels are the primary pivot points.

To analyse the CPR indication, two fundamental ideas must be understood. They include candlestick patterns, trading charts, and resistance and support levels. It is utilised to locate the crucial price level breakthrough points. The trader may determine the highest and lowest price levels which can be achieved for each stock by using support and resistance. It reduces possible losses and protects the trader from them.

Understanding CPR Trading

To locate pivot points at the trading price level, utilise the Central Pivot Range (CPR) indicator. Traders may use the various levels of the chart to place trades. Due to its adaptability and ease of use, it is particularly well-liked among traders.

Because of its adaptability, it is particularly well-liked among various traders. Three levels of the CPR are shown. The pivot points between the levels are the top and bottom point of the central pivot, respectively. Two key ideas must be fully understood to analyse the CPR indication. They include resistance and support levels, candlestick patterns, and trading charts.

It is utilised to determine crucial price level breakthrough moments. Trading professionals can determine a stock's potential highest and lowest price levels using resistance and support. Potential losses for the trader are protected and restricted.

Contrary to popular belief, the CPR is not just useful for intraday trading. Many traders use the indication of CPR in trading for swing trading and intraday trading. If a trader uses CPR effectively, it may be highly helpful to them and be a very strong notion.

How can you calculate CPR?

Owing to the predetermined calculations, the CPR displays 3 price levels. To perform this, the traders must utilise the stock's lowest, highest, and the closing levels from the previous trading day.

For analysing and predicting the stock price movement depending on the performance of the previous day, use the needed levels from the previous day for the following programme.

The three CPR indicator levels and the calculation method are described below:

•   (Low + High + Close) / 3= Pivot point
•   (BC – Pivot) + Pivot= Top CPR Point (BC)
•   (Low + High) / 2= Bottom CPR Point (TC)

How can you interpret the Central Pivot Range?

CPR pivot point indicators may help to determine if the market or a stock is in a bullish or bearish trend. Due to the CPR indication, the interpretation is rather simple.

1.    If the CPR line is creating an ascending or rising trend, a bullish-like approach is suggested.
2.    Conversely, a down trend in a CPR line suggests a bearish-like approach.

The CPR signal can be interpreted in various ways depending on its values.

●       Virgin CPR

The CPR is considered virgin when stock price doesn’t cross these CPR lines. If a stock's price doesn't hit the range on its previous day, there is a 40% probability that it won't be able to breach this CPR range the next day. It is significant to remember that, rest on the state of the market, the virgin CPR might act as powerful resistance or support.

●       Price trading above the TC level

The buying trend enables the traders to buy a stock when its average price lies on its upper side as indicated by a higher price compared to the TC level. CPR would operate as the support in this scenario.

●       Price trading below the BC level

A seller's market is present when the price is comparatively lower than its Bottom CPR range. It suggests that there are lots of buying chances in a negative market. Moreover, CPR will serve as resistance.

●       Price that is trading in the Central Pivot Range lines

When its current price moves back and forth between CPR lines, the stock market is operating in the accumulation period. In such a scenario, traders might watch for the CPR breakthrough with a volume above TC. When there is a wider CPR, the best approach is to purchase at the intended top central pivot point (TC) while maintaining the bottom CPR point.

The main advantages of CPR

The CPR is a superb tool that enables traders to combine several trading strategies to take lucrative positions. Traders may use this strategy alone or in conjunction with several other indicators.

1.    Unlike the different technical analysis methods, these indicators are a highly regarded trend and price indicator. This is due to how easy it is to comprehend and use this indication.

2.    Professional traders frequently utilise it for the purpose of intraday trading. The traders employ the strong resistance and support levels of the CPR indicators.


The central pivot range indication may determine if the stock market is going in a bullish, bearish, or sideways direction. The stock market is bullish, and you can place buy orders when a stock trades above the TC line. Similarly, you can exit long bets and enter short ones if a stock trades below its BC line. Therefore, it's essential to always keep stringent stop losses in place.

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Frequently Asked Questions

The CPR in trading breakout occurs when the price of a stock crosses either the top central pivot point (TC) or the bottom CPR point. A CPR breakout indicates a significant bullish or bearish trend in the market. Prices above the TC and below the BC suggest bullish trends, respectively, while prices below the BC denote bearish trends.

CPR width refers to the space between the BC and TC lines. The width of a CPR might be small, large, or medium. A large CPR width denotes sideways markets, whereas a low CPR width denotes a bullish or bearish market.

CPR often offers maximum accuracy and is employed during intraday trading. It may also help to analyse the monthly and daily stock charts and identify the most common stock patterns. CPR is often calculated at a longer time frame compared to the one utilised for trading. Suppose, if a trader wants to trade daily, CPR must be computed using a weekly period, but if a trader wants to trade weekly, CPR must be calculated using the monthly time period.

The lowest, highest, and the closing stock levels from the previous day or prior session serve as the foundation for calculating CPR.