The creditworthiness of organizations and other entities is assessed by credit rating agencies (CRAs). The agencies examine a debtor's capacity to pay back the loan and provide a credit risk rating to that debtor.
In India, the Securities and Exchange Board of India Act, 1992 regulates all credit rating firms under the SEBI (Credit Rating Agencies) Regulations, 1999. To sum it up, there are seven credit rating agencies in India.
They are CRISIL; CARE; ICRA; SMREA; Brickwork Rating; India Rating and Research Pvt. Ltd and Infomerics Valuation and Rating Pvt. Ltd. This post discusses all these 7 credit rating agencies currently operating in India.
7 Top Credit Rating Agencies Operating in India
CRISIL is an Indian credit rating agency with a long history. The business went public in 1993, two years after it was first introduced in the nation. CRISIL, a rating agency based in Mumbai, began rating infrastructure in 2016 and celebrated its 30th anniversary in 2017. In 2017, CRISIL bought an 8.9% share in the credit rating firm CARE.
In 2018, the rupee and dollar versions of India's first index for benchmarking the performance of FPI investments in the fixed-income market were released. The portfolio of the business comprises, for example, mutual fund rankings, ULIP rankings, and the CRISIL coalition index.
Credit rating services including corporate governance, debt ratings, financial sector, bank loan ratings, issuer ratings, and recovery ratings are all part of CARE's offerings. CARE was founded in 1993. CARE, a bank loan rating agency based in Mumbai, rates both long- and short-term debt instruments.
It also provides ratings for any upcoming IPO, real estate, renewable energy service companies (RESCO), shipyard financial evaluation, and energy service companies (ESCO) grades different educational institutions. As part of its valuation services, CARE Ratings provides the valuation of equities, debt instruments, and market-linked debentures, as well.
Additionally, the firm has teamed up with four partners from South Africa, Brazil, Portugal, and Malaysia to establish ARC Ratings, a new worldwide credit rating agency. Governments, including India, have been graded by ARC Ratings since they began operations.
3. ICRA Limited
ICRA Limited was founded in Gurugram, India, in 1991 as a public limited corporation. Investment Information and Credit Rating Agency of India Limited was the previous name of the business.
Since Moody's and numerous Indian financial and banking service organizations formed ICRA in April 2007, the company has been open for business. Current subsidiaries include Consulting and Analytics, Data Services and KPO (a joint venture with ICRA Lanka), and Nepal's ICRA Lanka (also known as ICRA Nepal).
International credit rating agency Moody's Investors Service now has the most ICRA stock. Corporate debt, financial rating, structured finance, insurance, mutual funds, project and public financing, SME, market-linked debentures, and more are all part of ICRA's product range.
4. Brickwork Rating
Canara Bank promotes the Brickwork Rating, which was launched in 2007 and is based on user feedback. It provides ratings for bank loans, small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), corporate governance, municipal corporations, capital market instruments, and financial institutions.
It also rates NGOs, tourism, IPOs, real estate investments, hospitals, IREDA, educational institutions, MFI, and MNRE. In order to carry out credit ratings in India, the Reserve Bank of India has recognized Brickwork Ratings as an external credit assessment agency (ECAI).
5. India Rating & Research
Fitch has full ownership of India Ratings, which is a wholly-owned subsidiary of Fitch.
You can use this service to find out how risky a company's credit is for different types of issuers such as insurance providers, banks, corporations, financial institutions, and leasing companies.
In addition to SEBI, the Reserve Bank of India and the National Housing Bank have recognized this credit rating agency.
6. Small and Medium Enterprises Rating Agency of India (SMERA)
SIDBI, Dun & Bradstreet India, and many major Indian banks joined together in 2005 to form SMERA. The Bangladesh Rating Agency Limited, CAFRAL, CoinTribe, and SIES are just a few of the organizations SMERA has partnered with.
So far, SMERA has signed MoUs with more than 30 banks, financial institutions, and trade associations throughout the nation, in addition to those that are shareholder institutions.
7. Infomerics Valuation and Rating Pvt. Ltd.
Infometrics Valuation and Rating Pvt Ltd is an RBI-accredited and SEBI-registered credit rating firm founded by former financial experts, bankers, and administrative services, employees.
Banks, non-banking financial firms (NBFCs), small and medium scale units (SMUs), and big corporations are all assessed and evaluated unbiasedly by this agency.
There would be less information asymmetry between lenders and investors. Due to this, it strives to offer all of its customers accurate and complete reports and credit scores.
So, What is The Significance of Credit Rating Agencies in India?
Organizations like credit rating agencies evaluate and give credit ratings to a wide range of different types of organizations, from individuals and small businesses to large corporations, nations, and non-profits.
Before giving an organization a rating, a number of criteria are considered, including financial statements, the kind and amount of debt, lending and borrowing history, debt repayment capacity, previous credit payback behaviour, etc.
They also offer other inputs to assist lenders and investors analyze and make educated lending and investment choices, in addition to the credit rating of a company. These credit rating agencies.
Better/ better credit ratings imply a reduced default risk for lenders, which may help a company get financing more quickly and at cheaper interest rates. Financial market rules are based on credit ratings that are given to organizations.
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