GST on Car

5paisa Research Team Date: 18 May, 2023 10:47 AM IST


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In India, the products and Services Tax (GST) presently applies to the majority of products and services, including motor vehicles. In India, GST on automobiles is levied at four different rates: 5%, 12%, 18%, and 28%. The most applicable GST rate for cars is 28%, which applies to both personal and commercial motor vehicles. The lowest vehicle GST rate of 5% applies to wheelchair carriages and related equipment. However, GST is not the only tax that applies to motor vehicle purchases; in addition to the 28% GST, a compensating cess of up to 22% may be charged on cars. As a result, the highest tax rate on cars following the implementation of GST is as high as 50%.

In this article, you will learn about GST on cars, why it is essential, and its impact. So, let's get started.

What is GST on Car

GST on Cars and definition are generally different in each category. GST on Cars are implemented on different tax rates like five per cent, twelve per cent, eighteen per cent and twenty-eight per cent. Usually, Goods and service tax generally depends on various important features. Some of these factors include the following-

●    Usage of the Car
●    What type of fuel is the car using?
●     The classification of motor cars.

What are Goods and Services Tax on Car?

GST on cars generally depends on specific criteria. For example, the type of fuel, car classification, and usage are the most crucial factors in deciding the tax rates in the automobile sector.

If you take a closer look, you will see for small cars like the Tata Tiago or Maruti Suzuki rate of tax on pre-GST is 28%, while the car GST rate is 18%. Whereas, for luxury cars like Renault Duster and Maruti Vitara Brezza, the tax rate is 45%, and GST on a car purchase is 28%.

If you check the fuel type cars' tax rates, the pre-GST and GST rates differ from the previous ones. Take the Sub-4-meter cars, i.e. engines with petrol like Toyota Etios Liva, for example; the pre-GST rate is 31.5% while the GST rate on automobiles is 29%.

So, this is how car GST rates differ in different types of vehicles.

GST Tax Rates on Vehicles in India

As mentioned earlier, the GST regime on vehicles in India differs based on the type of vehicle. If you see at the tabular representation below, you will see the comparison between pre- and post-GST rate on car purchase.

Car Category

Car Model

Previous-GST rate

Post-GST rate

Vehicles under 1200cc engine capacity

Tata Tiago



Vehicles between 1200-1500cc engine capacity

Nissan Kicks



 Vehicles above 1500cc engine capacity

Land Rover



SUV cars with 1500cc engine capacity or above

Renault Duster





Goods And Services Tax on Car Based on Type of Fuel

The Rate of GST on cars also depends on the type of fuel being used. But it's not as simple as you might think it is. Let's understand it from the table below.



Type of Vehicles

Capacity of the fuel tank

Vehicle Model

Previous-GST rate

Post-GST Rate


Vehicle runs with petrol

below 1.2 Litre

Hyundai i10



Vehicle runs with diesel

More than 1.5 Litre

Hyundai i20



Vehicle runs with both Petrol-diesel

Petrol over 1.2 L and Diesel over 1.5Litre

Sedans and SUVs



Bigger than 4-meter vehicle runs with both petrol-diesel

Any type

Mahindra Scorpio



Electric vehicles


Mahindra eVerito






Effects of GST on the Automobile Industry

The effect of GST on Vehicle Industry is incredible, especially for the end consumers, car dealers, and manufacturers. So, the influence of GST on the vehicle industry for each category is mentioned below.

●    End Consumers

As the tabular representation shows, the tax rates levied on motor cars have significantly reduced compared to those applied before GST. And because of this, the owner will pay lesser tax rate than before.

●    Car dealers

Before introducing the car GST rate purchases, car dealers and importers suffered while claiming the VAT or even dealing with the excise duty. But now, with GST on car purchase, they are benefiting from the current tax regime. Because now they can claim that tax is paid.

●    Manufacturers

The recent GST implementation has immensely cut down the entire manufacturing cost. As a result, Car manufacturers are getting benefits from this.

Implementing GST on Cars has proved to be a beneficial decision in the vehicle sector. It is a matter of great relief because the warranties and car manufacturers' services all come under this tax regime. Now, everyone can see that the GST regime primarily focuses more on the utilization state rather than the original one. And that is what's essential for the growth of the country.

How GST is Calculated on Vehicles?

As you know, the GST rate on a motor car can vary according to the different categories that the car belongs to. For example, the Fuel type or the engine capacity are crucial factors in calculating the closing price.

Take the Hyundai i20, for example; it comes with the price of Six lakh forty-nine thousand and eight lakh. Therefore, the taxation would be according to the car's GST rate. On the other hand, some of the additional charges will be applicable along with the applicable cess.

Indemnity for GST Tax Rates on Vehicles

When a dealer works with used cars, he needs to pay taxes based above difference between used car’s buying and the selling price. As a result, it ends the negative impact on taxation. This means that if the transaction margin becomes negative, then the car dealers don’t need to pay goods and sales taxes on the car.

Furthermore, the govt. has asked not to give GST on second-hand or Used vehicles if one buys from any unlisted seller.

Dispensation from GST Charges on Vehicles

Generally, a provision is included under the tax system of GST. This is for assisting automobile buyers, especially those who deal with second-hand cars. And this kind of tax-paying mainly comes between the used car’s selling price and the buying price.

This is done to reduce the negative effect, which is the primary concern for people who deals with second-hand cars.
Moreover, when the value goes negative, the car dealers can be exempted from giving the taxes. The govt. also provides some relaxation while buying used cars from any unrecorded seller.

Do You Want to Capitalize in a Car Right Now?

Experts say that the prices can increase if you deal with mid-segment vehicles. And if you choose a compact diesel car range, it will get more affected.

A person can experience a surge of high- prices on the same car. But luxury and comfortable cars will offer appealing prices and a lot affordable than you think.


Knowing about the Goods and services tax on cars is very important while purchasing a car. Because without this knowledge, you might come across something that causes budget problems. So, it's better to learn about all the details of GST on car purchase.

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Frequently Asked Questions

According to the GST laws, the highest rate applied to cars is twenty-eight per cent, mainly imposed on premium cars with 1500cc engine capacity.

The GST is primarily implied on all types of cars; therefore, the tax rate varies. In India, the lowest rate of GST on Cars is 12%

As per the CGST Act, section 17-5, the GST applied on cars cannot be refunded.

The imposition of GST depends on several factors like fuel type or the usage of the car and the car segment

The following exceptions are-

1. Where the automobile is categorized in the supply chain
2. For what purpose is the car used?