Tax to GDP Ratio

5paisa Research Team Date: 15 Jan, 2024 03:19 PM IST


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Everything You Must Understand about Tax to GDP Ratio

Tax to GDP ratio is the size of the tax revenue given by the government. A high tax-to-GDP ratio suggests a larger fiscal ability. So the government can address the societal requirements of the nation efficiently. The government also uses it to generate revenue from the country for infrastructure, public services, etc. So, what is tax to gdp ratio? This comprehensive post takes you through the meaning of tax to GDP ratio, its working process, and other details. 

What Is A Tax To GDP Ratio?

Tax to GDP ratio measures the tax revenue of the nation in relation to its economy size measured by GDP. This ratio offers a comprehensive analysis of the nation's tax revenue. As per the tax to gdp ratio meaning, it reveals potential taxation in relation to its economy. In addition, it also gives a direction of the nation's tax policy alongside international comparisons between tax revenues of various countries. 

In 2018-2019, the gross tax-to-GDP ratio decreased to 10.90%, while the expectation was 16%. An important tactic to improve the ratio is to ensure that individuals pay taxes accordingly. So, the implementation of a DTC or Direct Tax Code helps achieve it accordingly. As of now, here's how the tax-to-GDP ratio works:

How Tax-to-GDP Ratio Works?

Taxes are a crucial consideration that determines the country's governance and development. A higher ratio indicates that the government spreads its financial net across the board. It also reduces the dependence of a government body on borrowing. Simply put, a tax-to-GDP ratio determines the way the government directs its resources. Note that higher tax revenue lets the country spend more on improving health, education, and infrastructure. These things are crucial for a nation's prosperity and well-being. 

Tax Policy and Economic Development

It is a fact that tax revenues above 15% of the nation's GDP or gross domestic product are critical. It reduces poverty and results in economic growth. Effective taxation ensures a country has the required amount of wealth to invest and achieve economic growth. 

In short, tax reshapes a country's economic development by influencing economic behaviour, investment decisions and more. An effective policy leads to economic growth by offering revenue. It fosters a stable business landscape and promotes the distribution of wealth equally. Countries implement a mix of indirect and direct taxes to accomplish objectives concerning economic development. Progressive taxation can address tax evasion. It leads to a more effective distribution of wealth. Thus, implementing a strategic tax policy helps foster a favourable environment for overall economic development.

The Direction of Tax Policy

The prime objective of the tax-to-GDP ratio is to compare different tax receipts from one year to another. Policymakers do so as it offers an excellent strategy to understand the rises and declines associated with tax revenue. Tax revenues are related to economic activities. It may rise in case of speedy economic growth. On the other hand, it falls during recessions. So, the tax revenues fall and rise faster than the gross domestic product or GDP. However, the ratio must be consistent, excluding extreme growth.

But what if there's a significant shift in the tax law? Or what if there's a severe economic slump? In such cases, the ratio may shift drastically. 

Does GDP Include Tax Revenue?

Together, GDP and tax revenue indicate the fiscal position and future potential of a nation. Tax revenues include revenues that are collected from the taxes on profits and income. It also includes social security contributions, payroll taxes, and taxes on services/goods. In certain cases, it may include taxes on ownership and property transfers. The overall tax revenue is part of a nation's GDP. Considering the GDP's percentage, the total tax revenue is the share of a nation's output collected by the government via different taxes.

What is the ratio of tax to GDP data?

Suppose the tax-to-GDP ratio is 15% or higher. This ratio is expected to ensure economic development. So it can reduce the country's poverty in the coming years. 


So, you have learned what is tax to GDP ratio in this post. Now you know that the tax-to-GDP ratio evaluates the nation's tax revenues relative to its gross domestic product. The ratio also indicates the amount of the gross domestic product of a nation that goes into the funding of the government. Thus, this post compiles everything about the tax-to-GDP ratio, its meaning, how it works, and other details.

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