Section 80GGA

5paisa Research Team

Last Updated: 17 May, 2024 05:29 PM IST


Want to start your Investment Journey?



The Income Tax Act of 1961 lays the groundwork for taxation rules and regulations in India. It not only ensures revenue generation for the government but also incentivizes taxpayers to contribute towards social good. Section 80GGA is one such provision that offers a significant tax benefit for individual taxpayers who choose to support scientific research and rural development initiatives in India.

What is Section 80GGA?

Section 80GGA provides a 100% tax deduction on donations made towards specific scientific research and rural development projects. This deduction serves a dual purpose: it encourages philanthropic contributions from individuals while promoting advancements in science and fostering development in rural areas.

Who Can Claim Deductions under Section 80GGA?

Not all taxpayers can avail of the benefits under Section 80GGA. This deduction is specifically applicable to individual taxpayers, excluding those whose gross total income solely includes income chargeable under the head "Profits and gains of business or profession."

Here's a breakdown for better understanding:

  • Eligible: Salaried individuals, those with income from rental income, capital gains, interest income, or any other source (except business or profession).
  • Not Eligible: Individuals whose sole source of income comes from business or profession.

Understanding Gross Total Income

Gross total income refers to your total income before any deductions or exemptions are applied. It encompasses income from various sources, including:

  • Salary income
  • Income from house property (rental income)
  • Capital gains (profits from sale of assets)
  • Business income (applicable only for those not eligible under Section 80GGA)
  • Interest income
  • Income from other sources (e.g., dividends, lottery winnings)

Eligible Donations under Section 80GGA

Section 80GGA offers tax deductions for donations made towards specific categories. Here's a detailed breakdown:

1. Scientific Research:

  • Government-approved Research Associations: Donations made to research associations that are officially recognized by the government and actively engaged in scientific research projects qualify for deductions.
  • Universities, Colleges, and Institutions: Contributions made to universities, colleges, or other approved institutions specifically for scientific research endeavors are eligible for tax deductions.

2. Rural Development:   

Approved Institutions or Associations: Donations to institutions or associations involved in rural development programs qualify for deductions under Section 80GGA. These programs can include:

  • Training programs designed to equip individuals with the skills needed to contribute to rural development initiatives.
  • Research projects focused on social science or statistics related to rural development, provided they have the necessary government approvals.
  • Schemes or projects approved under Section 35AC of the Income Tax Act, specifically targeting rural development programs.

3. National Funds:

  • National Fund for Scientific Research: Donations made to this national fund dedicated to supporting scientific research are eligible for tax deductions.
  • National Fund for Rural Development: Contributions to this national fund aimed at bolstering rural development initiatives qualify for tax deductions.
  • National Afforestation Fund: Donations made to this fund dedicated to preserving and expanding India's forest cover are eligible for deductions under Section 80GGA.

Understanding Section 35AC and its Connection to Section 80GGA

Section 35AC of the Income Tax Act also offers tax benefits for donations. However, there's a key distinction between the two sections. While Section 80GGA is exclusive to individual taxpayers, Section 35AC allows individuals with business or professional income to claim deductions for donations made towards specific initiatives, including some related to rural development.

Here's a table summarizing the key differences:

Feature Section 80GGA Section 35AC
Eligible Taxpayers Individual taxpayers Individuals and businesses
Deduction Percentage 100% Varies (depending on the type of donation)
Eligible Donations Specific scientific research and rural development initiatives Broader range of charitable donations, including some related to rural development
Carry Forward Provision Not allowed Allowed (excess deduction can be carried forward to subsequent year


Here's the remaining section covering the details of the donation receipt, Form 58A, proof of payment, and the process for claiming the deduction:

Required Documentation:

Donation Receipt: This is a critical document and your golden ticket for claiming the deduction. Ensure you receive a properly stamped receipt from the recipient institution. The receipt should include the following details:

Registered Name of the Recipient Institution: This verifies the institution's legitimacy.

Your Name: Matches your PAN details.

Donation Amount: The exact amount you donated.

Income Tax Department Registration Number of the Institution: Confirms their eligibility to receive donations under Section 80GGA.

Form 58A: This certificate, issued by the donee (recipient institution), is essential for claiming the full deduction. It should contain the following information:

Your Name: Matches your PAN details.

PAN Number: Your unique identification number.

Donation Amount: The exact amount you donated.

Confirmation of Program/Project under Section 80GGA: This verifies that the program or project you supported falls under the purview of Section 80GGA.

Proof of Payment (Optional): While not always mandatory, keeping records of your donation payment (cheque copy, draft copy, or online transfer confirmation) is advisable, especially for significant contributions. This serves as additional evidence in case of any discrepancies.

Claiming the Deduction While Filing Your Income Tax Return (ITR)

Include the Claimed Deduction:  When filing your Income Tax Return (ITR), make sure to include the deduction claimed under Section 80GGA in the designated section.

Attach Documentation:  Don't forget to attach the donation receipts and Form 58A as supporting documents for your claimed deduction. These documents provide proof of your contributions and facilitate verification by the tax authorities.

Additional Considerations

Cash Donations: It's important to remember that cash donations exceeding ₹10,000 are not eligible for deductions under Section 80GGA. It's advisable to make donations through cheque, draft, or online transfer to maintain a clear record.

Double Dipping: Donations claimed under Section 80GGA cannot be claimed under any other section of the Income Tax Act for the same donation in the same year.

Verifying Institution Registration: Before making a donation, ensure the institution or association you plan to support is registered and complies with the regulations set forth for Section 80GGA. You can verify their registration status on the Income Tax Department's website.


By understanding the provisions of Section 80GGA and the required procedures, you can leverage this tax benefit to reduce your tax burden while making a positive impact on advancements in science and development in rural areas of India. Remember, seeking guidance from a qualified tax advisor can help you maximize your tax benefits under Section 80GGA and other relevant sections of the Income Tax Act.

More About Tax

Open Free Demat Account

Be a part of 5paisa community - The first listed discount broker of India.