Section 194D

5paisa Research Team

Last Updated: 21 May, 2024 06:46 PM IST

Section 194D

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Section 194D of the Income Tax Act requires insurance agents commissions to have tax deducted at the source. This ensures timely tax payment. Insurance policies are crucial for financial security. Agents facilitate purchases and 194D ensures tax compliance safeguarding both agents and the tax system.

What is Section 194D?

Section 194D of the Income Tax Act deals with the deduction of Tax Deducted at Source or TDS on insurance commissions. If someone is paying a resident any income in the form of insurance commission they are required to deduct a certain percentage of tax before making the payment. This deducted tax amount needs to be submitted to the government within the specified time frames.

This requirement comes into play when the total income paid or likely to be paid as insurance commission during the financial year exceeds ₹15,000. So, if the total commission paid or likely to be paid to a resident crosses this ₹15,000 threshold in a financial year, TDS needs to be deducted from it as per rates specified by Income Tax Act.

Who is Eligible for Section 194D of the Insurance Commission

If you're in India and you earn money through insurance related work there are rules about tax deductions. These rules mainly apply to two groups insurance agents and the companies they work for.

1. Who's Covered: These rules apply to Indian residents like regular people, families or HUF, companies and other taxpayers.

2. Types of Income Covered: If you earn money through:

  • Getting paid for your work like a salary or commission
  • Getting rewards or bonuses for bringing in insurance customers
  • Getting paid for keeping existing insurance policies going like renewals or revivals

3. Which Section Applies: If you're a resident in India and fall into one of the categories mentioned above, you'll look at Section 194D for tax deductions. But if you're paying a commission to someone who doesn't live in India then Section 195 comes into play.

4. Who's Involved

Insurance Agent: Any person living in India who gets paid for selling insurance or bringing in customers.

Insurer: Company or organization that sells insurance. They pay commissions to the agents and they're responsible for deducting the taxes as per the rules mentioned.

What are the Time Limits of the Deduction of TDS for Section 194D?

When someone is supposed to deduct TDS or Tax Deducted at Source they have to do it either when they credit the income to the account of the person they're paying or when they actually make the payment to that person, whichever happens first. So, if you're paying someone and you're required to deduct TDS, you need to do it either when you add the money to their account or when you hand over the payment to them depending on which one comes first.

Rate of TDS Deduction Under Section 194D

Section 194D applies to residents regardless of whether they are individuals, companies or any other category of people. It deals with the deduction of tax at source or TDS from insurance commission payments.

TDS rates under Section 194D are as follows:

  • 5% for recipients who are not companies.
  • 10% for domestic companies.
  • 20% when the recipient does not provide their PAN or Permanent Account Number.

if you receive insurance commission payments and you're not a company 5% of the payment will be deducted as tax. If you're a domestic company 10% will be deducted. And if you fail to provide your PAN 20% will be deducted.

Form 13 and 15G

An agent can submit a Form 13 application to the assessment office to request permission to either not deduct Tax Deducted at Source to deduct it at a reduced rate. According to Section 206AA(4), if someone wants to apply for a certificate under Section 197 to avoid or reduce TDS, they need to provide their PAN number. Failure to provide a valid declaration results in TDS being deducted at a rate of 20%.

 Deductor must submit a copy of Form 15G to the Principal Commissioner or Commissioner. This form declares that the deductee's income is below the taxable limit thus TDS should not be deducted or should be deducted at a reduced rate. Deductor needs to ensure that the Form 15G declaration is submitted no later than the 7th day of the following month after receiving it.

The Penalty for Late Deduction Payment

When someone is supposed to deduct Tax Deducted at Source or TDS from a payment but forgets to do so, they have to pay interest on the amount from the day the TDS should have been deducted until the actual date of deduction. Interest rate is 1% per month.

TDS should have been deducted on January 1st but was actually deducted on February 15th, the deductor would need to pay interest on the TDS amount for that period.

The Exemptions under Section 10(10D)

Section 10(10D) of the Income Tax Act provides exemptions for certain amounts received under LIC policies. Here are the exemptions:

Any amount received under an LIC policy, including bonuses, is exempted from tax under section 10(10D). This exemption applies to:

  • Funds obtained under section 80DD(3) or 80DDA(3).
  • Cash received under a keyman insurance policy if the LIC policy was purchased between April 1, 2003 and March 31, 2012 and the premium exceeds 20% of the sum assured.
  • LIC policies purchased after April 1, 2012, where the premium payment exceeds 10% of the sum assured.
  • LIC policies purchased after April 1, 2013, with premiums exceeding 15% of the total sum assured for individuals with a handicap or severe disability as defined by section 80U, or for individuals with conditions covered by section 80DDB.
  • When claiming an exemption under section 10(10D), there's no upper limit on the amount as long as the criteria mentioned above are met.

If you receive money from an LIC policy and it falls under any of the specified categories mentioned above, you don't have to pay tax on that amount. The exemptions are based on when the policy was purchased and the premium paid in relation to the sum assured.


Section 194D of the Income Tax Act deals with deducting taxes from commissions or rewards earned for getting insurance business. This rule helps ensure that taxes are paid on time by taking a part of the commission payment to insurance agents right when it's paid out. Following this rule is crucial for both the people paying the commission or deductors and those receiving it or deductees.

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